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多维视角下乡村社区空间减碳策略综述
徐 峰1, 杨清欣2
1.( 通讯作者):湖南大学建筑与规划学 院,教授,Fengxu@hnu.edu.cn;2.湖南大学建筑与规划学院,硕士研究生
摘要:
乡村是我国实现双碳目标的重要场域, 但其社区层面的空间低碳策略在理论探索与实 践验证方面尚存在诸多不足。为进一步明确乡 村社区空间减碳路径,有必要厘清相关领域研 究现状进展,识别未来研究方向。本文针对乡 村社区空间减碳领域进行政策梳理和文献综 述,从规划、景观、建筑的多维视角梳理了研究 进展并识别当前研究不足。研究综述的结果突 出了强化多维视角、完善数据框架、量化生态价 值、深化数字赋能及注重文脉保护等未来极具 潜力的研究方向。研究成果有助于在双碳目标 的扎实推进中挖掘更多的乡村力量,为乡村社区 低碳转型提供参考。
关键词:  双碳目标  乡村社区  多维视角  空间 要素  减碳策略
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20240319
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFD1101300);湖南 大学丘陵地区城乡人居环境科学湖南省重点实验室 开放课题基金资助项目(HNU-SAP-KF220204)
A review of spatial carbon reduction strategies in rural communities from amultidimensional perspective
XU Feng,YANG Qingxin
Abstract:
China’s rural areas are an important focus point for achieving its dual-carbon goals. However, theoretical exploration and practical verification of low-carbon strategies at the rural community level are still insufficient. To further elucidate spatial carbon reduction pathways in rural communities, it is necessary to clarify the current status of related research and identify future research directions. Based on the relevant policy documents and scientific literature in the field of carbon reduction strategies in rural communities, this paper compiles the latest research progress in this field and identifies the current research deficiencies in this field, to provide suggestions and references for the low-carbon development of rural communities in China. Firstly, this paper summarizes the policies related to low-carbon development in rural communities, and broadly divides the development of China’s countryside into four phases, namely, the initial development phase (1982-2005), the new rural construction phase (2005-2013), the beautiful rural construction phase (2013-2018), and the stage of rural revitalization and lowcarbon rural construction (2018-present). A compendium of the policy lineage in the field of rural development shows that following the introduction of the concept of ecological and environmental protection into the main line of rural development, the goal of low-carbon countryside is being accelerated and integrated into the overall goal of rural revitalization. However, compared with the research in the field of low carbon control in urban space, there is still a significant lack of research on carbon reduction strategies in rural communities, and there is still a lack of a complete research system. Secondly, this paper was searched in the CNKI database with the keywords of “rural + countryside + village” and “carbon + carbon emission + double carbon + low carbon”, and the restricted discipline was building science and engineering. After the search, 236 articles in Chinese and foreign languages were retained by combining the topics, abstracts, and keywords of the literature for further screening. The literature can be categorized into the following three perspectives: spatial development strategies for rural communities from a planning perspective, optimal design of landscape systems for carbon and emission reduction, and building energy efficiency and carbon emission control. The literature under the three perspectives is sorted out, and the theoretical explorations, research methodological applications, and specific practical projects from different perspectives are compiled. Through the collation of literature under the three perspectives, current research gaps were identified. These research gaps include: uneven spatial distribution of spatial carbon reduction practices in rural communities, relatively single perspective of carbon emission reduction related research, mostly qualitative research methods and quantitative research should be strengthened, lack of a database on the whole life cycle of carbon emissions in rural areas, and lack of carbon emission calculations in the production, transport, construction and dismantling phases of carbon emission reduction measures. Based on the literature review, the challenges of spatial carbon reduction strategies at the rural community level from different perspectives are identified. Regarding spatial carbon reduction in planning, the carbon source assessment of rural communities has the characteristics of an open and large-scale system, and there is an urgent need to constructa parametric carbon source assessment model for land use planning. Regarding carbon reduction in landscape elements, rural communities have long been faced with the outstanding contradiction between ecological protection and economic development, which has brought great uncertainty to the enhancement of the carbon sink capacity of various landscape elements. In terms of carbon reduction in building space, the development of low-cost building carbon reduction technologies and the construction of effective promotion paths have become an important challenge for carbon reduction in rural community buildings. Finally, this paper points out potential avenues for future research, including: 1)in the future, we need to carry out systematic research on the planning paths, landscape elements, and architectural spaces of rural communities as a whole, and carry out low-carbon construction strategies around multidimensional scales; 2)it is necessary to set up a carbon emission data collection system at the level of the rural community to track the sources of carbon emissions from various areas within the community, and then build an authoritative database and research framework on the life-cycle carbon emissions and energy demand of rural communities; 3)it is urgent to establish a carbon emission data collection system at the rural community level to track the carbon emission sources in each area of the community, and then build an authoritative database and research framework on the life cycle carbon emission and energy demand of the rural community; 4)in the future, it is necessary to integrate the carbon emission information of the rural community into the ecovalue accounting system, to quantitatively analyze the level of carbon emission and the space for carbon reduction of the whole community and dynamically monitor the level of carbon emission; 5)low-carbon construction strategies should respect, protect, and pass on the local culture and history, and low-carbon construction and cultural heritage protection in rural communities will become one of the research areas that need to be explored in depth in the future. The results of the research will help to promote the realization of the dual carbon goals more effectively and provide a reference for the low-carbon transformation of rural communities.
Key words:  dual carbon goals  rural communities  multidimensional perspectives  spatial elements  carbon reduction strategies