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北京西四北历史文化街区平房院落能源性能综合研究
张 曼1, 曹雪萦2, 汤羽扬3
1.( 通讯作者):北京建筑大学建筑与城市规 划学院,北京建筑大学建筑遗产研究院, 副教授,zhangman@bucea.edu.cn;2.北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士 研究生;3.北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院,北京 建筑大学建筑遗产研究院,教授
摘要:
作为集中连片体现历史风貌的精华地 区,历史文化街区整体保护与平房院落更新改 造的冲突日益显著。近年来,北京相继出台历史 文化街区与平房院落保护更新的条例与导则, 取得一定成效,但如何在满足居民生活需求与 意愿的前提下,用最小干扰的设计手法进行平房 院落的成套化改造,成为当前老城平房院落更 新的议题。本文以北京市西四北历史文化街区 二条3号院改造为例,采用调研法、文献法和计 算模拟法对该地区平房院落建筑形制、院落热 环境和建筑围护结构进行定性与定量分析,为 当前平房院落改造提供风貌保护与居住改善需 求上的平衡,具有重要现实意义。
关键词:  城市更新  西四北历史文化街区  平房 院落  节能改造  计算模拟
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20240214
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(51938002);北京建筑 大学青年教师科研能力提升计划(X22025);北京 建筑大学2022年研究生创新项目(PG2022020)
Comprehensive study on the energy performance of cottage courtyards in Beijing’s Xisibeihistorical and cultural districts
ZHANG Man,CAO Xueying,TANG Yuyang
Abstract:
As a concentrated and contiguous area reflecting the essence of the historical landscape, the conflict between the overall conservation of historical and cultural districts and the renewal of bungalow compounds has become increasingly significant. In recent years, Beijing has issued regulations and guidelines for the conservation and renewal of historic and cultural districts and bungalow compounds, which have achieved certain results. However, how to carry out the complete renovation of bungalow compounds with the least intrusive design approach while meeting the needs and wishes of residents has become a current issue in the renewal of bungalow compounds in old cities. This paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the architectural form, thermal environment and building envelope of the Ertiao No.3 courtyards in the Xisibei historical and cultural district of Beijing, using research, literature and computational simulations as an example, to provide a balance between the need for style preservation and residential improvement for the current renovation of bungalow courtyards. As a concentrated and contiguous area reflecting the essence of t he h istorical landscape, t he conflict between t he overall conservation of h istorical a nd cultural districts and the renewal of bungalow compounds has become increasingly significant. In recent years, Beijing has issued regulations and guidelines for the conservation and renewal of historic and cultural districts and bungalow compounds, which have achieved certain results. However, how to carry out the complete renovation of bungalow compounds with the least intrusive design approach while meeting the needs and wishes of residents has become a current issue in the renewal of bungalow compounds in old cities. This paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the architectural form, thermal environment and building envelope of the Ertiao No.3 courtyards in the Xisibei historical and cultural district of Beijing, using research, literature and computational simulations as an example, to provide a balance between the need for style preservation and residential improvement for the current renovation of bungalow courtyards. As a concentrated and contiguous area reflecting the essence of the historical landscape, the conflict between the overall conservation of historical and cultural districts and the renewal of bungalow compounds has become increasingly significant. In recent years, Beijing has issued regulations and guidelines for the conservation and renewal of historic and cultural districts and bungalow compounds, which have achieved certain results. However, how to carry out the complete renovation of bungalow compounds with the least intrusive design approach while meeting the needs and wishes of residents has become a current issue in the renewal of bungalow compounds in old cities. This paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the architectural form, thermal environment and building envelope of the Ertiao No.3 courtyards in the Xisibei historical and cultural district of Beijing, using research, literature and computational simulations as an example, to provide a balance between the need for style preservation and residential improvement for the current renovation of bungalow courtyards. As a concentrated and contiguous area reflecting the essence of the historical landscape, the conflict between the overall conservation of historical and cultural districts and the renewal of bungalow compounds has become increasingly significant. In recent years, Beijing has issued regulations and guidelines for the conservation and renewal of historic and cultural districts and bungalow compounds, which have achieved certain results. However, how to carry out the complete renovationof bungalow compounds with the least intrusive design approach while meeting the needs and wishes of residents has become a current issue in the renewal of bungalow compounds in old cities. This paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the architectural form, thermal environment and building envelope of the Ertiao No.3 courtyards in the Xisibei historical and cultural district of Beijing, using research, literature and computational simulations as an example, to provide a balance between the need for style preservation and residential improvement for the current renovation of bungalow courtyards. As a concentrated and contiguous area reflecting the essence of the historical landscape, the conflict between the overall conservation of historical and cultural districts and the renewal of bungalow compounds has become increasingly significant. In recent years, Beijing has issued regulations and guidelines for the conservation and renewal of historic and cultural districts and bungalow compounds, which have achieved certain results. However, how to carry out the complete renovation of bungalow compounds with the least intrusive design approach while meeting the needs and wishes of residents has become a current issue in the renewal of bungalow compounds in old cities. This paper presents a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the architectural form, thermal environment and building envelope of the Ertiao No.3 courtyards in the Xisibei historical and cultural district of Beijing, using research, literature and computational simulations as an example, to provide a balance between the need for style preservation and residential improvement for the current renovation of bungalow courtyards.
Key words:  urban regeneration  Xisibei historical and cultural district  cottage courtyard  energy-saving renovation  computational simulation