|关键词: 村庄环境 乡村人居环境 IPA分析法 白鹿原塘村
|Research on Satisfaction of Farmers in the Construction of the Village Environmental Based on IPA Analysis: A Case Study Based on the Bailuyuan Tang Village
ZHANG Pei,YANG Baokun,FU Xiaomeng
|The village environment is the spatial carrier for the construction of rural human
settlements and the material basis for realizing rural revitalization. With the continuous advancement
of the improvement of rural human settlements, the construction of the village environment needs
to sum up experience, formulate more targeted plans, and establish a dynamic management and
From the perspective of village environmental construction evaluation, this paper sorts out
the current research progress of rural human settlement environment construction and farmer
satisfaction survey, and studies are carried out from the aspects of index system, evaluation object,
and technical method. The study found that there is a lack of comprehensive and systematic rural
human settlement environment evaluation research for rural communities at the micro scale,
especially in the underdeveloped areas of the western region, and most of the rural human settlement
environment improvement strategies from theory to application of the practical path is not clear, the
method is modeled, it is difficult to effectively guide the construction of the village environment. On
this basis, in view of the environmental construction of Bailuyuan Tang Village Area, the technical
route for the satisfaction evaluation of farmers in the environmental construction of Tang Village
Area with IPA analysis method as the core is determined.
First of all, this paper takes the Bailuyuan Tang Village Area as the research object, introduces
the “importance-performance analysis” method commonly used in tourism research, and explores
the relationship between the current situation and expectations of village residents in the construction
of the village environment in which they live from the perspective of farmer satisfaction, so as
to establish a village environmental construction evaluation index system, which consists of six
systems of living conditions, ecological environment, infrastructure, public service facilities, style
and culture, planning and management, including toilet conditions, kitchen conditions, housing
conditions, drinking water conditions, natural environment, There are 23 specific indicators of health
status, sewage treatment conditions, garbage collection conditions, traffic conditions, street lamp
facilities, drainage facilities, irrigation facilities, cultural and sports activity conditions, medical
and health conditions, orphans, widows, old and young institutions, primary and secondary school
conditions, overall style, neighborhood relations, social atmosphere, cultural identity, planning
implementation, villagers’ participation, organization and management.
Secondly, through field research, household interviews and questionnaires, the satisfaction data
of villagers in village environmental construction was collected, the basic situation of environmental
construction in The Tang Village area was grasped, and the weight of the index of the evaluation
index system was determined by using the entropy right method based on the survey data.
Third, according to the survey data, the index importance and satisfaction analysis of the
evaluation index system was carried out, and the overall satisfaction of the village environmental
construction in the Tang Village area was found to be 2.79, indicating that the villagers’ satisfaction with the village environmental construction was average; the importance of the six system-level indicators was between 2.02-3.96, the villagers’ expectations
for living conditions and infrastructure were much higher than other systems, and the importance of the six system-level indicators was between 2.04-3.31,
there is a certain positive correlation between the villagers’ perception of the importance and satisfaction of each system, and the villagers are relatively
satisfied with the system with high expectations, while the villagers are dissatisfied with the construction of the two systems of planning management and
public service facilities.
Finally, based on the survey data and the analysis of importance and satisfaction, the IPA analysis method was used to conduct in-depth exploration
of the index layer, and according to the analysis results, the problems of different village environmental construction indicators were explored, and targeted
planning improvement strategies were proposed.
The satisfaction evaluation of village environmental construction is conducive to providing a set of bottom-up feedback mechanisms for top-down
village environmental construction actions, guiding the accurate landing of policies, fund the projects, comprehensively improving the construction
efficiency of the village environment, and providing richer technical support and theoretical exploration for rural human settlements research.
|Key words: Village Environment Rural Human Settlements Importance-Performance Analysis Bailuyuan Tang Village