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大都市区乡镇群落聚合模式初探 ——以北京市为例
任晓桐1, 曾 鹏2
1.天津大学建筑学院,博士研究生;2.(通讯作者):天津大学建筑学院,教授, urbanplan@tju.edu.cn
摘要:
大都市区的城乡空间系统是新型城镇化 的重要载体,探索适配乡镇地区的发展路径对于 实现全域高质量发展至关重要。“乡镇群落”是 促进资源共享、推动融合发展的集群单元,“群 落化发展”以乡镇群落为基本单元配置公共服 务要素和产业发展要素,是大都市区统筹要素布 局、发挥集群优势、融合城乡发展的重要路径。 本文通过汲取国内外大都市区乡镇群落化发展 的实践经验,解析乡镇群落的空间层级与聚合机 制,建立“地域分工”与“空间集群”的双重聚合 逻辑,形成“特色功能类型聚合”与“近域空间范 围聚合”的乡镇群落聚合发展研究技术路线,并 以北京市为例研究乡镇群落化发展的聚合模式, 以期为规划与政策实践提供参考。
关键词:  乡镇群落  群落化发展  聚合逻辑  聚 合模式  大都市区
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20230501
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51978447);天津市高 校研究生科研创新项目(2022BKY094);天津市委 重点调研课题(TJGAZ202301)
Preliminary Study on the Assembly Mode of Rural Community in the Metropolitan Area: A Case Study of Beijing
REN Xiaotong,ZENG Peng
Abstract:
As China’s urbanization enters a stage of high-quality development, metropolitan areas have gradually become an important carrier of new urbanization. In the urban-rural spatial system of metropolitan areas, rural areas are the key and weak points for regional coordination and urban-rural integration development. Exploring the development path that adapts to rural space is particularly important for achieving high-quality development across the entire region. The space of rural in metropolitan areas has good location and transportation conditions, as well as unique resource advantages. However, the homogenized policy environment has brought about a significant phenomenon of “development homogeneity”. Its spatial pattern and development path often highlight “individual logic” and lack “overall logic”, making it difficult to achieve the demand for efficient allocation of elements and organic integration of development, resulting in the inability to fully transform the resource advantages of rural in metropolitan areas, becoming one of the main issues restricting urban-rural integration. As an organizational model of rural, “community assembly” is not only a spatial level for cluster development, but also a logical allocation of resource elements. It is an important path for metropolitan areas to coordinate the layout of elements, leverage cluster advantages, and integrate urban-rural development. Exploring rural community assembly model has gradually become an important direction for planning research and policy practice. This article analyzes the spatial hierarchy and aggregation mechanism of rural community by drawing on the practical experience of rural community development in metropolitan areas both domestically and internationally, and establishes a dual assembly logic of “regional division” and “space cluster”. The logic of “regional division” emphasizes that the development of rural should be tailored to local conditions, implementing a “localized” and “distinctive” development model based on the regional conditions of rural, and achieving differentiation and assembly of rural functions based on the differences and fusibility of division. The logic of “space cluster” emphasizes the community and co governance of rural resources, with the goal of efficient and effective supply of public goods and services as the goal to implement coordinated allocation of elements, and to achieve spatial correlation and clustering of rural based on spatial proximity and distance accessibility. On this basis, a research technical route for the assembly and development of rural communities based on “characteristic functional type aggregation” and “near domain spatial scope aggregation” is formed. Firstly, based on the logic of regional division, from the three functional correlation dimensions of production, living, and ecological, the entropy weight method is used to construct an indicator system for measuring the functional potential of townships, measure their individual functional potential, and determine their individual functional types. Based on functional correlation, it uses space cluster analysis method to assembly characteristic functional types of rural. Secondly, based on the space cluster logic, it identifies the development centers of rural community, and the hinterland range based on spatial proximity and distance accessibility. The urban-rural space in Beijing has the spatial characteristics of typical metropolitan areas in northern China. The lack of internal sustainable development momentum and the disorder ofexternal structural division are long-term problems that need to be solved urgently. However, the spatial pattern of rural led by “individual logic” is difficult to support the strategic goals of resource sharing, division coordination, and integrated development within the region. Therefore, this article takes the metropolitan area of Beijing as a case to explore the community development model of rural, in order to solve the key issues of regional synergy and urban rural integration development. From the spatial pattern of rural community in the Beijing metropolitan area, it can be seen that the spatial differentiation of different functional types of communities is relatively clear. The location characteristics of single functional communities and composite functional communities are significant, and the potential for functional aggregation directly affects the spatial scale of communities. From this, it can be seen that “community assembly” has implemented effective spatial zoning for wide area rural spaces, forming a community spatial level that promotes distinctive and suitable development, and providing important support for achieving organic integration development in Beijing’s metropolitan area. In order to effectively implement the “community assembly” development strategy and promote the division and coordination of wide area rural space, this article proposes the following implementation strategies: analyzing the aggregation logic of rural community and support community development strategies; conducting the main functional area strategy and determining the development positioning of the community with characteristics and suitable location; implementing the coordinated allocation of elements with a value orientation of “resource sharing and efficient service”, and strengthening planning and policy tools to support the development of rural community.
Key words:  Rural Community  Community Development  Assembly Logic  Assembly Mode  Metropolitan Area