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山地传统聚落社会网络演变特征及其空间关联机制研究
石亚灵
成都理工大学
摘要:
针对传统聚落出现的空心化、商业化现象,本文通过构建典型传统聚落社会网络模型揭示其近四十年的社会网络演变特征,探究社会运行逻辑与空间关联机制。研究显示:空心化传统聚落血缘关系由大家庭演变为隔代家庭以至空巢家庭结构,地缘关系由独户转向邻里到同乡结构,血缘地缘结构瓦解在一定程度上加速空间的衰败。商业化传统聚落血缘关系由大家庭演变为核心家庭以及混合家庭,业缘关系由同业关系转向合作及竞争结构,血缘结构瓦解与业缘结构复合过程中,传统聚落活动主体的社会经济活动发生改变,导致传统聚落的空间需求也相应改变,进而促成新的社会结构的形成与扩展。最后,尝试通过空心化、商业化传统聚落作用规律对比,为传统聚落物质空间与社会结构互动的保护找到切入口。
关键词:  传统聚落  社会网络  关联机制  空心化  商业化
DOI:
分类号:TU984
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金,国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Research on the evolution characteristics of social networks and their spatial association mechanism in traditional mountain settlements
shiyaling
Abstract:
Aiming at the hollowing out and commercialization of traditional mountain settlements, this paper constructs a typical traditional settlement social network model to reveal the evolution characteristics of social networks from 1978 to 2018, and explores the social operation logic and spatial correlation mechanism. The results show that the blood relationship of hollowed out traditional settlements is from large family → generational → empty-nest family structure, the geographical relationship changes from single-family → neighborhood → hometown structure, and the social operation logic evolves from the initial pattern of acquaintance difference order to the pattern of semi-acquaintances, and then to the scattered pattern of non-subject acquaintances, and the collapse of the blood relationship geographical structure of hollowing out traditional settlements accelerates the decay of space to a certain extent. The blood relationship of commercial traditional settlements is changed from large family→ nuclear family → mixed family, karmic relationship from peer → cooperation → competition structure, social operation logic from the differential pattern of acquaintance society to the group pattern of semi-acquaintance society, and then to the scattered pattern of stranger society. Finally, through hollowing out and commercialization of traditional settlements, this paper attempts to find an entry point for the protection of the interaction between the material space and social structure of traditional settlements.
Key words:  traditional settlements  Social network  Association mechanism  hollowing  commercialization