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鄂西北三线建设工业遗存的规划布局及其遗产价值研究
徐利权1, 谭刚毅1, 万涛2
1.华中科技大学建筑与城市规划学院,湖北省城镇化工程技术研究中心;2.中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司
摘要:
三线建设可以视作我国社会主义早期城乡建设过程中的自我探索的重要组成,其发展演化深刻地影响了我国中西部地区的城镇化进程,更是建国初期城乡遗产的重要组成部分。本文以鄂西北三线建设为对象,对其规划布局特征展开研究。鄂西北三线建设围绕铁路形成“两点一线”的总体布局,不仅深刻影响了沿线地区城镇空间演变,同时也构建了相对集中的遗产群落。功能布局围绕生活劳作空间,按单位的模式形成一个个封闭的“小社会”,组织着社会主义集体生活的日常。空间形态“被动”适应地形,厂矿布局“顺应地形、沿沟而建”,实现人工与自然的融合。文章提出以价值为中心的遗产价值研究思路,并具体从物质和非物质两方面讨论了三线建设的遗产价值。
关键词:  三线建设,规划布局, 遗产价值, 鄂西北
DOI:
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目面上项目:我国中部地区三线建设的建成环境及其意义的表达与遗产价值研究(2018-2021)
Analysis on the Layout Characteristics and Heritage Value of The Industrial Remains of the Third Front Construction in Northwest of Hubei Province
Xuliquan1, TAN Gang yi1, Wantao2
1.School of architecture and urban planning,HUST.;2.China railway fourth survey and design institute group co. LTD
Abstract:
As an important part of self-exploration in the process of urban and rural construction in the early stage of socialism in China, the development and evolution of Third Front Construction has a profound impact on the urbanization process in the central and western regions of China. This paper studies the planning and layout characteristics of the Third Front Construction in Northwest of Hubei province. From and develop planning layout research. The construction of the Third Front Construction in Northwest of Hubei formed the overall layout of "two points and one line" around the railway, which not only profoundly affected the spatial evolution of towns along the line, but also constructed a relatively concentrated heritage community. Functional layout around the living and working space, according to the mode of the unit to form a closed "small society", organized the daily life of the socialist collective. The spatial form "passively" adapts the terrain, and the layout of the mine "conforms to the terrain and builds along the ditch", realizing the integration of artificial and natural. This paper puts forward the research idea of heritage value centering on value and discusses the heritage value of third front construction from material and immaterial aspects.
Key words:  Third Front Construction, Layout characteristics, Heritage Value, Northwest of Hubei Province