引用本文:
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 462次   下载 0  
分享到: 微信 更多
儿童同伴交往视角下的住区户外环境营造模式探索
何琪潇1, 谭少华2
1.重庆大学建筑城规学院;2.重庆大学
摘要:
社会生活方式转变后,儿童孤独症日趋严峻,正严重危害我国儿童健康成长。研究表明,良好的儿童同伴关系有助于预防孤独症发生,且同伴交往对于塑造同伴关系极其重要。通过空间环境提升促进儿童同伴交往活动的发生是城乡规划学科遏制精神疾病的重要举措之一。本文首先分析了影响同伴关系的三类同伴交往行为,包括亲社会、攻击和退缩行为;其次提出运动、感官和游戏三类情景,通过诱发、促进和阻碍能有效干预三类交往行为;以此为基础,总结出空间通过情景场地、体验和意境营造住区户外运动、感官和游戏交往情景要点;最后,从提升儿童同伴交往的视角,总结出应对当前住区普遍存在的儿童交往空间问题的三种营造模式,为后续研究奠定理论基础。
关键词:  住区户外环境  同伴交往  儿童孤独症  模式研究
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:重庆大学中央高校基本科研业务费研究生科研创新项目:社区公园对人群精神压力的恢复效用及空间优化研究——以重庆6个社区公园为例(项目基金号2018CDYJSY0055); 国家自然科学基金面上项目:社区公园缓解人群精神压力的绩效及空间优化研究(项目编号:51478057)
Exploration On The Mode Of Residential Outdoor Environment Based On Child Peer Interaction
heqixiao,tanshaohua
ChongQing University
Abstract:
After the change of social life style, childhood autism is becoming more and more serious, which is seriously endangering the healthy growth of Chinese children. Studies have shown that healthy and lasting peer contact with children can help prevent autism. Peer communication is very important for shaping peer relationship. It is one of the important measures for the discipline of urban and rural planning to deal with mental illness to promote children's peer interaction through the improvement of space environment. First of all, this paper analyzes three kinds of peer communication behaviors that affect peer relationship. Secondly, it puts forward three kinds of scene: sports, senses and games. Then, on this basis,it summarizes the key points of residential construction of sports, sense and game communication scenes from the three aspects of scene site, scene experience and scene artistic conception. Finally, from the perspective of space environment promotion and communication, we summarizes three modes of building communication space for children in current residential, which lays a theoretical foundation for the subsequent research.
Key words:  Residential outdoor environment  Peer interaction  Childhood autism  Mode study