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广东省专业镇空间分布特征及影响因素研究
赵永琪1, 马姣娇2, 田银生1
1.华南理工大学建筑学院;2.华南师范大学地理科学学院
摘要:
改革开放近40年来,广东省经济社会发展取得了令人瞩目的成就,以专业镇为核心代表的产业集群发挥了重要的推动作用。因此,科学认识广东省专业镇的空间分布特征及影响因素对区域经济社会的健康发展具有十分重要意义。通过ArcGIS空间分析工具,分析了广东省419个专业镇的空间分布特征和影响因素。研究表明:广东省专业镇空间分布类型为凝聚型,从市域尺度来看,专业镇的地理分布较为集中,主要集中分布在梅州、东莞、佛山、汕头、云浮、惠州、江门七市。而在广东省四大地理区域中,专业镇的分布也不均衡,呈集中分布趋势,主要集中在珠三角地区,其次是粤北地区。最后,从核密度估计分析来看,专业镇在珠三角地区东西两岸和潮汕地区形成了3个高度密集区。自然环境、城乡关系、社会文化以及制度政策对专业镇的形成和发展具有重要作用,是影响广东省专业镇空间分布的重要因素。
关键词:  专业镇  空间分布  影响因素  广东省
DOI:
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Spatial Distribution Features and Influencing Factors of Specialized Towns in Guangdong Province
zhaoyongqi1, MA Jiaojiao2, TIAN Yinsheng1
1.School of Architecture,South China University of Technology;2.School of Geography,South China Normal University
Abstract:
In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, Guangdong"s economic and social development has made remarkable achievements. The industrial cluster represented by specialized towns has played an important role in promoting. Therefore, scientific understanding of the spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of specialized towns in Guangdong Province is of great significance to the healthy development of regional economy and society. Through the spatial analysis tool of ArcGIS, the spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of 419 specialized towns in Guangdong Province were analyzed. The research shows that the spatial distribution of specialized towns in Guangdong Province is cohesive. From the perspective of city scale, the geographical distribution of specialized towns is concentrated, mainly concentrated in the seven cities of Meizhou, Dongguan, Foshan, Shantou, Yunfu, Huizhou and Jiangmen. In the four geographical regions of Guangdong Province, the distribution of specialized towns is not balanced, showing a concentrated distribution trend, mainly concentrated in the Pearl River Delta region, followed by the northern Guangdong region. Finally, from the nuclear density estimation analysis, the specialized town has formed three highly dense areas in the east and west sides of the Pearl River Delta region and in the Chaoshan area. The natural environment, urban-rural relations, social culture and institutional policies play an important role in the formation and development of specialized towns and are important factors influencing the spatial distribution of specialized towns in Guangdong Province.
Key words:  specialized town  spatial distribution  influencing factors  Guangdong Province