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健康设计的制度导向对中国的启示 —以“设计下的积极生活”项目进展为例
孙佩锦, 陆伟
大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院
摘要:
缺乏运动导致的健康问题日益受到关注,积极生活将增加体力活动融入日常。“设计下的积极生活”ALbD项目应对健康问题发起,更新项目理念与策略以适应新发展。首先梳理积极生活相关研究的发展脉络与实施评估,其次以时间为轴线例举不同层次的实践项目,包括计划初期、发展阶段和项目最新实践。研究成果、评估结果、实践经验都为ALbD模式更新提供基础。本文最后重点分析ALbD新模式的理念、策略与发展变化,并结合案例提出设计需要兼顾合作与公平、可持续发展思想,同时要聚焦服务群体、调动民间资本、构建社会规制。本文通过解析设计的政策属性与制度导向,以期为我国的积极设计与研究提供借鉴。
关键词:  健康城市,积极生活,城市设计,公共政策,体制构建
DOI:
分类号:TU984
基金项目:国家留学基金委资助项目(201706060147)
Institutional-oriented Design for Health-"Active living by Design" International Progress and Implications
Sun Peijin, Lu Wei
Dalian University of Technology
Abstract:
Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health issues internationally. Active living is a way to incorporate physical activity into daily life. The "Active living by Design" ALbD project, launched to deal with health problems, but the research of active living in China is still limited. This paper first reviews the literature on active living. Secondly, after the summary of project evaluation, we take the time as the axis to illustrate different levels of practical projects, including the initial plan, the development stage and the practice after the project is updated. The research results, the evaluation results and the practical experience all provide the basis for the updating of the ALbD concept model. Finally, with the focus on analysis of the concept, strategy and development of the new model, this paper puts forward a new perspective to promote active lifestyle, so as to provide reference for our active life related design and research.
Key words:  Healthy City,Active Living, Urban Design, Public Policy, Institutionalized Process