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解读和协商:雨补鲁和板万村的乡土空间重现
曹卿
挪威奥斯陆建筑与设计学院
摘要:
当代乡村建设,尤其是多方介入的贵州偏远山区传统村落改造中,各方间存在着认知的分化和博弈,各个主体的行为相互协商并作用在空间实践之中。本文以黔西南州两个传统村落空间改造为调查样本,分析介入乡建各个行为主体的行动逻辑以及协商策略选择的相关因素。政策背景为协商提供舞台;当地政府为各方协商提供具体机会;资本作为协商中的机会主义者;村民则是他者想象的受益者;而专家建筑师起着协调者和引导者的作用。同时,通过对具体事例的分析针对专家建筑师参与的乡村改造中的协商提出解读:博弈是形塑乡土空间的手段;协商是解决认知碰撞的途径;博弈中的共识关系是不断变换的。因此,充分解读乡建中各方的博弈与协商逻辑,是把握乡村空间重现的重要抓手。
关键词:  乡村建设  行为主体  协商  空间重现  
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基金项目:
Interpretation and Negotiation: Reproducing Vernacular Space in Yubulu and Banwan Village
Cao Qing
The Oslo School of Architectural and Design
Abstract:
There are beneficial differentiations among between various agents, which involved in the rural reconstruction where happened in the remote area in Guizhou province in nowadays. Spatial behavior ability in rural reconstruction has a significant effect on spatial practice and vernacular space production. Based on the research samples of two traditional villages in Qianxinan prefecture in Guizhou province, this article profoundly analyses the action logic behind involved actors as well as related factors about negotiation strategies selection. The national policy provides a platform for negotiation; local government afford specific opportunities for intervention; external capital is opportunists in bargaining; villagers are regards as beneficial owner base on the other’s imagination; academic elites play coordinator role in rural reconstruction. Moreover, this article proposes interpretation to negotiation in rural reconstruction which academic elite involved, and it finds that: (1) game between multi-stakeholder is critical factors reproducing vernacular space; (2) negotiation can solve the cognitive different; (3) interest coalition formed in rural reconstruction change continually.
Key words:  Rural Reconstruction  Actors Involved  Negotiation  Space Reproduction