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我国城市规划实施评估发展历程、技术特征与演变趋势
祝立雄1, 董文丽2, 李王鸣3
1.浙江大学建筑与工程学院;2.浙江大学建筑与工程学院城乡规划与设计研究所;3.浙江大学建筑与城市发展国际研究中心
摘要:
国内城市规划实施评估在20余年的发展过程中,从“评估源起”到“聚焦总规”再到“多元拓展”,形成了相对固化的评估模式。其技术特征表现在五大方面,即规划落实的检验、实施过程的分析、实施问题的研判、公众反馈的归纳和优化实施的建议。该评估模式的逻辑基点是将评估视为一个实证命题,以实证主义方法为手段,重事实描述轻价值判断,体现出鲜明的“实证本位、测量导向”特征。然而,无论是从评价活动的本质要求还是从政策科学的基本规律看,实证与规范的结合,测量导向到测量、判断、解释、对策的综合导向,是评估发展的必然要求,其构成了规划实施演变趋势的基本内涵。
关键词:  城市规划实施评估,实证评估,规范评估
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The Development Process, Technical Characteristics and Evolution Trend of Urban Planning Implementation Evaluation in China
Zhu lixiong1, Dong Wenli1, Li Wangming2,3
1.college of civil engineering and architecture,Zhejiang University;2.International Center for Architecture &3.Urban Development Studies, Zhejiang University
Abstract:
During the 20 years'' development of urban planning implementation evaluation in China, from "evaluation origin" to "focusing general rules" to "multiple expansion", a relatively solid evaluation model has been formed. Its technical characteristics are manifested in five aspects, such as the inspection of the implementation of planning, the analysis of the implementation process, the study and judgment of the implementation problems, the induction of public feedback and the suggestions for optimizing the implementation. The logical basis of this assessment model is to regard evaluation as an empirical proposition. It takes positivism method as its means, attaches importance to factual description rather than value judgment, and embodies distinct characteristics of "positivism-based, measurement-oriented". However, no matter from the essential requirement of evaluation activities or from the basic law of policy science, the combination of empirical evidence and norms, and the comprehensive orientation of measurement, judgment, interpretation and countermeasures are the inevitable requirements of evaluation development. It constitutes the basic connotation of the evolution of planning implementation.
Key words:  Urban planning implementation evaluation, Empirical evaluation, Normative evaluation