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基于儿童使用主体的建成环境评价尺度研究
王烟1, 刘东升2
1.华南理工大学建筑学院/亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室;2.中国建筑西南设计研究院有限公司
摘要:
评价尺度是建筑使用后评价的基本问题之一,它是使用者评判建成环境好坏、优劣的重要测度标准。为弥补目前环境评价尺度研究方面的缺失,建立与儿童使用主体相一致的建成环境评价尺度,对儿童常用语义量词进行汇总和筛选,采用五级线分刻度方法进行问卷调查研究。基于儿童的理解,通过问卷试验分析,结果表明:双侧5级区间评价尺度为:很(负面);有点(负面);中等;有点(正面);很(正面);单侧5级区间评价尺度为:不;好像有点;比较;很;特别。
关键词:  建成环境  使用后评价  儿童  评价尺度  语义量词
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A Study on the Evaluation Scale of Built Environment Based on Children as Users
Wang Yan1, Liu Dongsheng2
1.State Key Laboratory of subtropical Building Science/School of Architecture, South China University of Technology;2.China Southwest Architectural Design and Research Institute Corp., Ltd.
Abstract:
As an important criterion for users to judge the quality of built environment, the evaluation scale is one of the basic problems in building POE. In order to make up for the lack of current environmental assessment scale and establish a scale for evaluating the built environment consistent with children''s users, the semantic qualifiers commonly used by children are chosen to investigate their evaluation intensity values of 5 levels. Through the statistical analysis of questionnaires based on children’s understanding, the results showed that the 5 level’s quantifiers of bilateral evaluation are: very (negative); somewhat (negative); medium; somewhat (positive); very (positive), and the 5 level’s quantifiers of unilateral evaluation are: not; a little; relatively; very; especially.
Key words:  Built environment  Post-occupancy evaluation  Children  Evaluation scale  Semantic quantifiers