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基于非语言符号的街道可读性调查与评价<sub>*</sub>
谭少华, 陈璐瑶
重庆大学
摘要:
在传统街道研究中,使用者与街道间进行的信息传递往往被忽略,利用行为心理学中使用者对于街道交往的可读的感知,从而得出街道可读性的传递媒介。本研究选取位于古都洛阳老城区的重要景区之一——东西南隅片区4种类型街道,借助非语言符号系统,构建了以使用者心理主观评价和认知地图客观评价的街道可读性评价体系,通过实地调研获取使用者对街道可读性的空间感知,评价不同类型街道可读性的影响因素。结果发现:对于商业型街道,视动符号因子、目光接触因子与街区可读性呈正相关;对于生活型街道,时空组织性因子与街道可读性联系密切。老城十字街可读性评价最高,色彩符号和空间氛围感是主要影响因素。
关键词:  非语言符号系统、街道、可读性、认知地图
DOI:
分类号:TU984.11
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“社区公园缓解人群精神压力的绩效及空间优化研究”
Non-Language Symbol-based Street Readability Survey and Evaluation
tanshaohua, chenluyao
Chongqing University
Abstract:
In traditional street research, the information transmission between users and streets is often neglected, and the readable perception of street interactions by behavioral psychology is used to derive the medium of street readability. In this study, four types of streets in the east and west of the old city of Luoyang, one of the important scenic spots in the ancient capital of Luoyang, were selected. Based on the non-verbal symbol system, the street readability evaluation based on the user''s psychological subjective evaluation and objective evaluation of cognitive maps was constructed. The system, through field research, obtains the user''s spatial perception of street readability and evaluates the influencing factors of different types of street readability. The results show that for commercial streets, optokinetic symbol factors and eye contact factors are positively correlated with street readability. For life-style streets, spatial and temporal organizational factors are closely related to street readability. The Old Town Cross Street has the highest readability, and the color symbols and spatial atmosphere are the main influencing factors.
Key words:  Non-verbal  symbol systems, Streets, Readability, Cognitive maps