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中国乡村类型划分研究综述
段德罡, 刘嘉伟
西安建筑科技大学建筑学院
摘要:
“因地制宜”进行“分类指导”是制定乡村规划的基本原则,其前提是对“地”的属性和村的“类”别划分进行深入研究。文章首先通过归纳分析法,从乡村类型划分的视角、方法、结果三个方面对我国乡村类型划分的相关研究文献进行系统的归纳与全面的分析,发现研究视角可分为单一视角及复合视角两大类,划分方法可分为质性研究方法为主及数理分析方法为主两类,研究视角与研究结果对应模式可分为“组合矩阵”模式、“突出特征”模式、“典型”模式三种;其次在分析中国乡村类型划分的主要成果和观点的基础上,认为我国在这一领域涌现出一批实证研究成果,但仍存在一些问题,有一定提升空间,提出应在注重乡村类型研究、完善类型体系构建、创新划分方法技术、加强划分结果应用四个方面得到完善和提高。
关键词:  乡村类型  类型划分  研究综述
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51778519);住房和城乡建设部研究项目(建村[2017]92号)
Review of Village-type Classification in China
DUANDEGANG, LIUJIAWEI
college of architecture, Xi''an University Of Architecture And Technology
Abstract:
Adjusting Measures to Local Conditions for Classified Guidance is the basic principle in plan-making for villages,for which the premise is to have in-depth research into the nature of Land and classification of Village-type.Through analytical induction,this paper makes systematic induction and thorough analysis of the research relevant to village-type classification in China on the basis of angle,method and result,and discovers that research angle falls into two categories of monoperceptive and multiperceptive,classification,two kinds of qualitative research-centered and mathematical analysis-centered,and the corresponding model for research angle and result,three types of Combinatorial Matrix,Projecting Features and Typical.On the basis of analysis of major findings and views on village-type classification,the paper suggests that though empirical research results in this field abound in China,problems remain,and there is room for promotion.Then this paper proposes four ways for perfection and improvement in relation to focusing on village-type study,perfecting type-system construction,innovating classification technology and strengthening classification result application.
Key words:  Village-type  Classification  Research review