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乡村振兴背景下传统村落空间的重塑与再生路径探析——以磁县徐家沟乡村规划为例
范勇, 袁赟, 王林申, 马明春
济南大学土木建筑学院
摘要:
传统乡村聚落根植于农业文明,是我们民族重要的文化根基,其选址与布局、空间组织及形态等均具有丰富的文化内涵和地方特色,创造出了尺度宜人的空间结构、多义的空间功能、丰富的景观序列和贴合自然的空间变化。在当前快速城镇化进程中,许多传统村落消失了,很多乡村“城市病”的愈演愈烈,这不是城镇化进程中乡村发展的应有之义。本文从聚落形态与空间功能、聚落肌理与空间尺度、聚落格局与景观变化等层面对传统乡村聚落空间形态进行解析,以河北省磁县徐家沟传统村落改造规划设计为例,从传统元素的恢复与文化重建、空间形态与聚落肌理的构建、叙事景观的提炼与空间延展、传统空间与现代功能的结合等四个方面对传统乡村聚落的改造进行实证研究,并从地域文化特征与乡土环境特色的保持、公众过程的参与和成果的共享等方面进行了延伸探讨,力求为传统乡村和传统文化的复兴寻找到内生的、可持续的发展道路。
关键词:  乡村聚落  城镇化  重塑  再生
DOI:
分类号:X321
基金项目:自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(51608227);山东省住建厅科技计划项目(2018-R1-14);山东省教育厅人文社科项目(sq16021);济南大学博士基金项目(XBS160100207)
Exploration and Analysis of the Reconstruction and Regeneration of the Traditional Village Space Under the Background of Rural Revitalization——Take Xujiagou Rural Planning as an Example
fanyong, yuanyun, wang lin shen, ma ming chun
university of jinan
Abstract:
The traditional rural settlements is rooted in agricultural civilization and is an important cultural foundation of our nation. It has rich cultural connotation and local characteristics in its location and layout, spatial organization and shape, creating a pleasant spatial structure and polysemous space features, rich landscape sequences and fitting in with the natural changes in the space. In the process of rapid urbanization, many traditional villages have disappeared, and many rural "urban diseases" have intensified. This is not the proper meaning of rural development in the process of urbanization. This paper analyzes the spatial pattern of traditional rural settlements from the aspects of settlement form and spatial function, settlement texture and spatial scale, settlement pattern and landscape change, and on the basis of the planning and design of Xujiagou traditional rural rebuilding in Cixian County, Hebei Province , conducting empirical study of the traditional rural settlements transformation from four aspects of the traditional elements restoration and cultural reconstruction, the formation of spatial morphology and settlement texture, narrative landscape refining and spatial extension, the integration of traditional space and modern functions, and extended the discussion from the aspects of preservation of regional cultural characteristics and local environmental features, the public participation and the sharing of the results, so as to find an endogenous and sustainable path for the development and rejuvenation of traditional villages and traditional cultures.
Key words:  rural settlement  urbanization  remodeling  regeneration