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对应县木塔1962年实测数据的再分析
张毅捷, 叶皓然, 韩效
西南交通大学
摘要:
通过对应县木塔1962年实测数据的分析,并结合前学的研究推测该塔当初曾以一定的模数制为方法进行设计。这个模数制包含三级模数:最高一级的模数为A=884厘米,控制建筑大的比例关系;二级模数区分为平面尺度模数NP=8.5厘米和垂直尺度模数NE=22.1厘米,而A=884厘米为NP、NE最小公倍数的八倍,同时NP:NE=5:13,准《营造法式》中的八棱边长与斜径之比——这一级的模数控制着该建筑的中等规模的空间尺度;三级模数为该塔“分”值:a=1.7厘米,NP=5a,NE=13a,A=520a——这一级的模数控制着构件的尺度以及一些空间尺度的微调。
关键词:  应县木塔,模数制,材分制,楼阁式木塔,古建筑设计
DOI:
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Reanalysis on Measured Data Acquired in 1962 of Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogongsi Temple in China
ZHANG Yijie, YE Haoran, HAN Xiao
Southwest Jiaotong University
Abstract:
Through the analyses on the measured data (acquired in 1962) of Sakyamuni Pagoda of Fogongsi Temple, it may be noticed that the pagoda would have been designed with a modulus method. This modulus method includes three levels of moduli: the modulus at the highest level, the moduli at the middle level and the modulus at the lowest level. The modulus at the highest level is A=884cm, this modulus was used to control the proportion of the general relationship of the pagoda. The modulus at the middle level includes two types: modulus of plan NP=8.5cm and modulus of elevation NE=22.1cm. A is eight times of the least common multiple of NP, NE, also NP:NE=5:13, the ratio coincides with the record of the ratio of the side length to the circumscribed circle diameter of a regular octagon in Yingtsao Fashi. These moduli at the middle level dominates the medium size of the pagoda. The modulus at the third level is the Fen of the pagoda: a=1.7cm, and NP=5a, NE=13a, A=520a. The modulus dominate the size of the structure members and the minute adjustment of the size of the space.
Key words:  Sakyamuni Pagoda in Fogongsi Temple (Shijia Pagoda in Fogongsi Temple or Yingxian Muta in Chinese), Module System, Cai-fen System, Multi-storied Wooden Pagoda, Design Method of Traditional East-Asian Wooden Building.