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国外生土建筑发展对我国的启示与借鉴
孟祥武, 苏醒, 骆婧
兰州理工大学
摘要:
生土建筑不仅是中国传统建筑的重要组成部分,在世界范围内也广泛分布,且形式多样。在全球能源危机的背景下,生土建筑材料的生态性能又一次得到世人瞩目,并被深入研究挖掘。我国生土建筑研究的起步虽早,但在研究成果和经验方面较国外发达国家具有一定差距。本文从研究机构、教育模式、规范标准三个方面对国内外的生土建筑发展进行系统的比较分析,指出我国各方面的发展现状和自身缺失,总结国外先进研究成果经验,以高校教育作为理论支撑,规范标准作为实践场地,研究机构作为理论与实践结合的统筹单位,使三方面形成集“产学研”为一体的完整链条,为我国生土建筑的进一步发展提供借鉴依据。
关键词:  生土建筑  研究机构  教育模式  规范标准  借鉴
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基金项目:国家自然地区科学基金项目“北茶马古道传统民居建筑谱系与活态发展模式研究(51568038)
Enlightenment and Reference of Overseas Earthen Construction to China
MENG Xiangwu, SU Xing, LUO Jing
LanZhou University of Techology
Abstract:
Earth construction is not only an important part of traditional Chinese architecture, but also widely distributed around the world in various forms.In the context of the global energy crisis, the ecological performance of biomass building materials has attracted worldwide attention, and was studied in depth. Although the study of earth construction in China started early, but compared with the developed countries has a certain gap in the research achievements and experience.This paper makes a systematic comparative analysis on the development of domestic and foreign earth construction from three aspects: research institution, education model and standard, It points out the current situation and lack of its own development in all aspects of China, and summarizes the experience of foreign advanced research results.Taking university education as a theoretical support, standard as a practice field, research institutions as an integrated unit of theory and practice, so that three aspects can form a complete chain of "production, learning and research". It can provide reference for the further development of Chinese earth building.
Key words:  Earth construction  Research institute  Education model  Standard specification  Standard