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健康为导向的建成环境与体力活动研究综述及启示
马明1, 蔡镇钰1, 李蕊2
1.同济大学;2.亚利桑那州立大学
摘要:
建成环境带来的民众体力活动下降导致了一系列健康问题。体力活动可以作为规划设计减少具有致病风险的环境因素从而提升市民健康的重要切入点,对于两者内容的梳理有助于从研究和实践层面增强规划设计对于公共健康的提升作用。本文首先阐述了建成环境与体力活动研究的背景和发展历程,从规划设计角度分别对于建成环境-体力活动-健康三者的关系、建成环境与体力活动的测量、建成环境影响体力活动环境因素这三个方面研究进展进行系统讨论,提出了健康导向的建成环境与体力活动研究路径,并探讨了未来研究的方向以及对于规划设计的启示。
关键词:  建成环境、体力活动、测量、影响要素、健康
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Summary and Enlightenment of Research on Improving Health-oriented Built Environment and Physical Activity
MAMING1, caizhenyu1, lirui2
1.Tongji University;2.Arizona State University
Abstract:
The decline in physical activity brought about by the built environment has led to a series of health problems. Physical activity can be an important entry point for planning and designing environmental factors that reduce the risk of disease and thus improve the health of the public. The combing of the two contents will help enhance the promotion of public health through planning and practice. This paper first expounds the background and development process of the research on the built environment and physical activity. From the perspective of planning and design, the relationship between the built environment-physical activity-health, the measurement of the built environment and physical activity, and the built environment affect the physical factors of physical activity. The research progress in three aspects is systematically discussed, and the research path of health-oriented built environment and physical activity is proposed, and the direction of future research and the enlightenment for planning design are discussed.
Key words:  built  environment, physical  activity, measurement, factor, health