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河谷气候影响下的生态城市形态浅析
萧乐
重庆市设计院
摘要:
古往今来,气候特征对人类历史上各种文明的产生和发展发挥着不同程度的作用。虽然现代文明已经发展到可以抵御部分气候带来的灾害,但是在目前所倡导的城市双修、节能减排、绿色宜居,建设低碳生态城市大背景下,通过城市的空间形态充分利用自然气候带来的益处,减小不良气候带来的危害,从而达到生态宜居,成为了城市建设的最终目的。山地城市地形地貌复杂、生态环境敏感、气候多变,在山地气候研究中又以河谷气候变化最为复杂,河谷城市形态受气候及其它因素影响相比平原城市也有很大的不同。因此本文选取具有典型河谷特征地形的奉节县为例,研究通过城市形态利用较为复杂的局地气候,最终达到建设生态城镇的目的。
关键词:  局地气候  滨水  山地  河谷  城市形态
DOI:
分类号:TU984.2
基金项目:
Research on Space?Form?of?Eco-City Under the Influence of River Valley Climate
XIAOLE
CHONGQING ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN INSTITUTE
Abstract:
Throughout the ages, climate characteristics have played a different role in the emergence and development of various civilizations in human history.Although the modern civilization has developed to resist climate disasters, but at present advocate city double repair, energy saving and emission reduction, green livable, low-carbon ecological city construction under the background of the space form of the city to make full use of natural climate benefits, reduce the harm caused by bad weather, so as to achieve the ecological livable has become the ultimate goal of city construction. Mountain city complex topography, ecological environment sensitive to climate variability. In mountain climate research, river valley climate change is the most complex. The urban form of river valley is greatly different from that of plain cities under the influence of climate and other factors. Therefore, this paper selects Fengjie with typical Valley features as an example. Research on make use of complex local climate in urban form will eventually achieve the purpose of building eco towns.
Key words:  local climate  waterfront  mountain  river valley  urban form