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村镇综合防灾减灾规划方法研究——以神农架林区木鱼镇为例
李军, 吕庆海
武汉大学城市设计学院
摘要:
我国村镇地区灾害频发,防灾减灾规划不足导致受灾严重。国内防灾减灾规划研究以城市为主,针对村镇综合防灾减灾规划的理论基础研究相对有限。本文在借鉴联合国、日本、美国等国际经验的基础上,期望从防灾规划前期村镇灾害分析与评估、村镇综合防灾规划、村镇综合防灾规划评价三个层面建立村镇整体的综合防灾减灾规划体系。并以木鱼镇镇域为例进行了综合防灾减灾规划尝试,通过镇域基础条件分析、灾害概括与特征分析、现状综合防灾能力评估、镇域灾害风险评估、镇域防灾规划编制和镇域综合防灾规划评价予以说明佐证。
关键词:  村镇  综合防灾减灾  规划方法  木鱼镇
DOI:
分类号:TU984.1
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划“村镇区域综合防灾减灾信息系统研究及示范”(2014BAL05B07)
Research on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention and Reduction Planning Methods of Villages and Towns in China
LIJun, LVQinghai
school of urban design of Wuhan University
Abstract:
Natural disasters occur frequently in villages and towns in China. Many areas have been badly affected by the lack of planning for disaster prevention and mitigation. However, the research on disaster prevention and reduction in China, mainly focuses on cities. The basic research on the planning of disaster prevention and disaster reduction in villages and towns is insufficient. Based on the experience of the United Nations, Japan and the United States. This paper hopes to set up a comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction planning system in villages and towns from three levels: The analysis and assessment of villages and towns in pre-disaster planning, comprehensive disaster prevention planning in villages and towns, the evaluation of the omprehensive disaster prevention planning in the villages and towns. Take the Muyu Town as an example, the disaster revention and disaster reduction plan was carried out. We mainly illustrate the evidence by analysis of urban basic conditions, disaster summary and feature analysis, the comprehensive disaster prevention capability assessment, the villages and towns disaster risk assessment, disaster prevention plan and the comprehensive disaster prevention planning evaluation.
Key words:  Villages and Towns  Comprehensive Disaster Prevention and Reduction  Planning methods  Muyu Town