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基于课程实践的生命科学与风景园林学交叉教学探索——以同济大学和夏威夷大学为例
陈静, 李文敏
同济大学
摘要:
风景园林学是一门综合性学科,与建筑学、城市规划学、艺术学、生命科学等学科领域有着良好的交叉和融合,而学科交叉与融合往往能促成原创性科研和教学成果。当前风景园林学科迫切需要培养具有广阔视野、多学科知识背景和创新意识,能够从学科交叉融合的角度挑战复杂人居生态环境问题的研究型和应用型人才。本文分别以同济大学建筑与城市规划学院风景园林专业(景观学)和美国夏威夷大学建筑学院环境设计专业的选修课为实证,探讨了如何从基本的学科交叉课程实践训练,引导学生进行综合性实践和研究性实践,逐步加强学生创新意识和实践能力的培养。通过面向实践的课程交叉教学,“见微知著”,引导和启发了非生物类专业工科学生对生命科学的兴趣, 并提高了学生的创新意识和设计热情。
关键词:  学科交叉  选修课  植物  创新训练计划
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基金项目:同济大学2017—2018年教学改革研究与建设项目资助(0100104231/054)
Teaching Exploration through Interdisciplinary Practice across Life Science and Landscape Architecture in Tongji University and University of Hawaii
chen jing, LI WENMIN
TONGJI UNIVERSITY
Abstract:
Landscape Architecture (LA) is a comprehensive discipline with a long history connecting and integrating with Architecture, Urban Planning, Arts, Life Science and other disciplines, meanwhile interdisciplinary studies usually can contribute to original achievements both in research and teaching. In order to solve the large number of issues in human settlements emerged from the process of rapid urbanization in China, it is urgent for LA to cultivate research and applied professionals who can develop a broad vision, multidisciplinary background and innovative consciousness, and who can challenge the complex environmental problems. In order to strengthen students’ awareness of innovation and creativity, elective courses in LA from Tongji University and University of Hawaii at Manoa were used as examples to discuss how to combine theory teaching and design practices, classroom teaching and extra-curricular innovation projects, and we proposed to gradually guide students into independent research based on the comprehensive and interdisciplinary course practice training. Based on the experiences and lessons from interdisciplinary teaching across Life Science and LA, “Small Clues Tell”, we found that our ‘non-biological specialty’ engineering students raised their interests in Life Science, and their enthusiasm and awareness of innovation and creativity have also been improved through hands-on practices, and their abilities to analyze and solve the actual problems in LA engineering and techniques have been strengthened as well.
Key words:  Interdisciplinary Approach  Elective Course  Plants  Innovation Training Program