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城市兴衰思辨-重庆都市人居环境演进的波动规律认知与应对
束方勇, 赵万民
重庆大学建筑城规学院
摘要:
城市的兴衰枯荣不仅是持续的历史过程,也蕴含着人居环境发展的客观规律。本文以重庆都市人居环境为研究对象,梳理从巴国文明至今的历史演进脉络;基于历史人口变化和当代空间增长分析,提出都市人居环境演进的波动规律:空间增长与衰退现象交替出现;通过数据结果分析比对,提出当前重庆都市空间发展存在着一定的衰退风险。基于波动规律认知,提出转变城市发展观、精明增长、完善公共服务设施、维护生态安全四项城市规划策略,以期实现人居环境科学历史视角对城市发展的正向影响。
关键词:  城市兴衰  重庆都市人居环境  波动规律  规划策略
DOI:
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Deliberation on Urban Prosperity and Decline: Principles of Fluctuation and Planning strategies of Chongqing Urban Human Settlements’ Ascent
Shu Fang Yong, Zhao Wan Min
Faculty of Archtecture and Urban Planning of Chongqing University
Abstract:
The urban prosperity and decline are not only continuous historical processes, but also implicate the objective laws of human settlements development. This paper takes Chongqing urban human settlements as the research subject and cards its historical procedure since ancient Ba civilization. Based on the data analysis of historical population and current space growth, it points out the basic fluctuation law of urban human settlements: spatial growth and recession appear alternately. According to the results’ comparison, it suggestions that recession risk currently exists in Chongqing urban space. On the base of fluctuation principles, the paper puts forward the path of urban development, which included four aspects: the development concept, smart growth, public facility and ecological security, to realize the positive impact of human settlements history research on the urban development.
Key words:  Urban prosperity and decline  Chongqing urban human settlements  Fluctuation principle  Planning strategy