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川西北小城镇空间演变特征及机制分析——以道孚鲜水镇为例
曾昭君, 麦贤敏
西南民族大学
摘要:
西部大开发及新型城镇化为川西北少数民族小城镇带来发展机遇,但城镇空间的地域特色面临现代化冲击,研究小城镇的空间演变规律,对传承和创新少数民族特色风貌具有重要意义。以川西北少数民族地区典型的小城镇鲜水镇为研究对象,综合利用地方志、历史文献和田野调查等资料为基础重建了鲜水镇近100年的演变进程。研究表明:鲜水镇在时间上可分为茶马互市(1662年之前)、宗教带动(1662-1910年)、立县更名(1911-1949年)、和平解放(1950-1980年)、震后重建(1981至今)五个时期;空间上,呈现出城镇功能结构沿过境公路扩展、街巷自然生长、城镇风貌汉藏融合的特征。影响鲜水镇城镇聚落演变的主要因素中,“茶马互市”和宗教传播、过境交通、地震及多民族融合是城镇空间特征形成的内在机制。
关键词:  川西北,小城镇,空间演变,道孚
DOI:
分类号:TU982.29
基金项目:国家自然科学((51508484)); 西南民族大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目资助(2016NZYQN01)
Analysis on the Spatial Evolution Characteristics and Mechanism of Small Towns in Northwest Minority Areas of Sichuan - A Case Study of Xianshui Town,Daofu
Zeng Zhaojun, Mai Xianmin
College of Urban Planning Architecture,Southwest Minzu University
Abstract:
The western development and the new urbanization policies bring development opportunities for the small minority towns in the northwest of Sichuan. Meanwhile, the regional characteristics of town space is facing the impact of modernization.Study the spatial evolution of small towns, which has great significance to the optimization of town space. This paper takes the Xianshui town of the typical small town in the northwest Sichuan minority area as the research object, and synthetically uses the local records, the historical literature and the field investigation to establish the urban information database and reconstructs the evolution process of the town for 100 years. The study shows that the Xianshui town can be divided into five periods: tea market (before 1662), religious (1662-1910), renamed (1911-1949), peaceful liberation (1950-1981), the reconstruction after earthquake (1981 to present) ; on space, showing the urban functional structure along the transit road expansion, street natural growth, urban landscape characteristics of the integration of Han and Tibetan. Among the main factors influencing the urban agglomeration in xianshui Town, "tea horse intercourse" and religious communication, transit traffic, earthquake and multi - ethnic are the internal mechanism of urban spatial characteristics.
Key words:  the northwest of Sichuan  small town  spatial evolution  Daofu County