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新常态下城市设计的危机与挑战—重庆忠县案例
杨震,蒋笛,杨瑞花
作者单位E-mail
杨震 重庆大学建筑城规学院 yangz@cqu.edu.cn 
蒋笛 重庆市规划设计研究院  
杨瑞花 重庆筑恒城市规划设计有限公司  
摘要:
中国过去30年的城市建设以增量扩张为基本范式,背后是一套由城市政府掌握的“开发体制”。本文以西部欠发达城市忠县为研究样本,通过批判性地分析其6年来的城市空间生产过程及相应的城市设计实践,指出城市设计是“开发体制”中的一种经济化的操作性制度,其主要作用是为政府主导的城市大开发行为构建“合理性”与“正当性”。但在新常态下,既有的城市建设范式面临坍塌,城市设计面临着需求萎缩、转型困难、后患众多的危机;其在未来所面临的主要挑战将是:从单一增长走向多元发展、从形态设计走向机制设计、从空间生产走向空间修补。
关键词:  城市设计  忠县  范式  开发体制  新常态  危机与挑战
DOI:
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基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(106112015CDJXY190004)
Crises and Challenges of Urban Design under New Normal — the Case of Zhongxian
YANG Zhen,JIANG Di,YANG Ruihua
Abstract:
The basic paradigm of China’s urbanization of the past thirty years is based upon space expansion which is driven by a “development regime” mastered by city governments. The paper critically reviews the space-making process related with the urban-design practices of Zhongxian, a less developed city in west China. The paper argues that urban design, as an institutionalized economic tool in the development regime, has been used to construct “rationality” and “legitimacy” for governments’ development activities. Under New Normal, however, the basic paradigm of China’s urbanization is likely to collapse and urban design’s potential crises include demand shrink, transformation dilemma and accumulated side effects of fast urbanization. Accordingly the future challenges for urban design are how to evolve from economic growth to multiple-goal development, from physical design to mechanism design, and from space making to space integration.
Key words:  Urban Design  Zhongxian  Paradigm  Development Regime  New Normal  Crises and Challenges