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基于创新人才培养模式的“建造实践”教学体系
阎波
重庆大学建筑城规学院
摘要:
创新应用型人才培养是当前国内各建筑院校教育的终极目标,而人才培养模式的创新是创新人才培养的核心。重庆大学建筑城规学院在本科1-3年级“空间建构”教学中加入实体建造内容,根据学生对建筑学科认知的渐进过程(空间认知——环境认知——行为认知),设置从单一材料、单一空间到多种材料、复合空间的实体建造,形成由浅入深、循序渐进、相互关联、紧凑连贯的“建造实践”教学体系,成为建筑设计主干课程的重要支撑。在此过程中,为学生提供了不同能力的表现机会,培养学生参与的热情、动手的能力和团队协作的智慧。使知识的传递由被动式接受逐渐向主动式学习转化,教育模式由培养专业技术人员向培养创新人才转化。
关键词:  建筑师,创新人才,建造实践,空间建构,建筑教育
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"Constructing Practice" Teaching System Based on Innovative Talent Training Model
阎波
School of Architecture & Urban Planning, Chongqing University
Abstract:
Cultivation of talents with innovation and application abilities is the ultimate goal of education in various architectural schools in China at present, and innovation of talent cultivation mode is the core of innovative talent training. Entity construction projects are incorporated into the teaching of ‘space construction’ in the first to third year of undergraduate education in the School of Architecture and Urban Planning in Chongqing University. Based on the gradual process of students’ cognition of architectural discipline (spatial cognition--environment cognition--behavior cognition), entity construction projects have been established from single material and single space to a variety of materials and composite space , forming a progressive, interrelated, compact and coherent ‘construction practice’ teaching system and supporting as a backbone the main course of architectural design . During such a process, students are provided with abundant opportunities to display their abilities and develop enthusiasm for participation, hands-on skills and teamwork wisdom so as to realize the transfer from passive acceptance to active learning and from the training of professional and technical personnel to innovative talents.
Key words:  Architects, Innovative Talents, Construction Practice, Spactial Construction, Architecture Eduction