文章摘要
晋系古建筑典型营造技术初探
A Preliminary Study of typical construction technology of the ancient architecture of Jin genres
投稿时间:2017-05-02  修订日期:2017-06-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 晋系  古建筑  窑房同构  营造技术  人居智慧
英文关键词: Jin genres  ancient architecture  isomorphism between cave and building  construction technology  wisdom of human settlement
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
王金平 太原理工大学 wjp797@163.com 
王占雍 太原理工大学  
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中文摘要:
      论文基于对山西城乡聚落现存古建筑的系统考察,发现“窑房同构”的营造方式,是晋系古建筑的主流技术形态。窑洞与木结构房屋相结合的形态,表现为“窑上建窑”、“窑上建房”、“窑前建房”、“窑顶檐厦”、“无梁结构”和“窑脸仿木”这六种既有联系,又有区别的同构方式。在大量的工程实践中,有时单独应用,有时将几种技术复合施用于同一建构对象上。由此产生的窑房同构建筑,就其空间、构造和视觉形态而言,造型丰富多彩,地域特色鲜明。论文具有一定的理论意义和应用价值。
英文摘要:
      Based on the system investigation to the existing ancient building of urban and rural settlements in Shanxi,this thesis found that the way to create the isomorphism between cave and building,which is the mainstream technology form of ancient building of Shanxi.This combination of morphology about cave and wooden houses could be manifested as “cave build on cave”“buildings on cave”“buildings infront of cave”“the cave eaves”“no beamSstructure”and“imitation wood cave face”,the six kinds of isomorphic way have both similarities and differences.In a large number of engineering practice,sometimes being individual use,will sometimes several construction technology of composite application in the same object.The resulting isomorphism building,in terms of its space,structure and visual forms are rich and varied in models and had regional features.This thesis has certain theoretical significance and application value.
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