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基于复杂网络分析法的养老设施空间配置规划优化
李林,黄勇,万丹
作者单位E-mail
李林 重庆大学建筑城规学院 419680497@qq.com 
黄勇 重庆大学建筑城规学院  
万丹 重庆大学建筑城规学院  
摘要:
快速老龄化背景下老年人养老服务需求日益剧增,而城市养老设施配置出现“一床难求”问题,相比于增加配置规模,从城市养老设施空间分布及其结构特征出发探讨养老设施空间配置更为重要。因此,在城乡规划学和复杂性科学交叉领域,运用复杂网络分析原理和方法,选取重庆渝中区、沙坪坝区、南岸区、九龙坡区(以下简称主城四区)养老设施为研究样本,构建养老设施供给网络模型,建立网络评价指标体系,综合床位利用率分析养老设施空间配置结构特征。得出重庆城市养老设施网络整体稳定性较差,养老设施供需失衡原因在于配置类型单一、供给格局错位。为此规划提出相应配置优化策略,为养老设施专项规划与优化提供科学依据。
关键词:  城乡规划  养老设施  复杂网络  配置优化
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项资助项目(cstc2016shmszx0504)
Spatial Optimization of Old-age Facilities Based on Complex Network Analysis
Lilin,HUANG Yong,WAN Dan
Abstract:
In the context of rapid aging, the demand for old-age care services in the elderly is increasing day by day, and the problem of "one bed is hard to find" is found in the allocation of urban old-age facilities. Compared with the increase of the scale of allocation, the spatial distribution of urban old-age facilities and their structural characteristics Facility space configuration is more important. Therefore, in the field of urban and rural planning and complexity of scientific cross, the use of complex network analysis principles and methods, selected Chongqing Yuzhong District, Shapingba District, Nan"an District, Jiulongpo District (hereinafter referred to as the four districts) old-age facilities for the study of samples, build old-age facilities supply network model, Evaluation index system, comprehensive bed utilization analysis of old-age facilities, spatial structure structure. It is concluded that the overall stability of the urban old-age facilities in Chongqing is poor, and the supply and demand imbalance of the old-age facilities is due to the single type of configuration and the dislocation of the supply pattern. This paper puts forward the corresponding optimization strategy for the planning, and provides scientific basis for the special planning and optimization of the old - age facilities.
Key words:  urban and rural planning  old-age facilities  complex networks  configuration optimization