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杭州城市老人乡村休闲地选择特征及影响机制研究*
柴子娇1, 刘声2, 方园1, 李王鸣3
1.浙江大学建筑工程学院;2.浙江大学城市学院;3.浙江大学建筑与城市发展国际研究中心
摘要:
城市老人乡村休闲游为缓解城市养老压力和提升乡村经济活力,提供了城乡统筹发展新路径。通过调查具有乡村休闲经历的杭州老年群体,分析其乡村休闲地选择的基本特征,并构建多元logistic回归模型探究影响机制。结果表明:城市老人乡村休闲地选择多元化,但以自然气候或旅游资源为依托的市域中低端城郊乡村是主流选择。个人、家庭及时间因素均在一定程度上对其选择产生影响,其中,低龄健康和亲友相伴对老人长距离乡村休闲起到正向作用;年龄、经济水平和文化程度对老人乡村消费档次选择影响显著;身体状况和时间长度是影响老人乡村资源类型选择的关键因素。最后就乡村休闲地规划建设提出建议。
关键词:  杭州市域  城市老人  乡村休闲地  选择特征  影响机制
DOI:
分类号:F590
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题(2014BAL07B02)
The Research on the Feature and Influence Mechanism of Hangzhou Urban Elderly`s Choices to Leisure Villages
Chai Zijiao1, Liu Sheng2, Fang Yuan1, Li Wangming3
1.Zhejiang University College of Civil Engineering and Architecture;2.Zhejiang University City College;3.Zhejiang University International Center for Architecture & Urban Development Studies
Abstract:
The rural leisure of the urban elderly provides a new path to develop urban and rural areas as a whole through reducing the pressure on urban pension and promoting rural economic vitality. Based on the survey of Hangzhou urban elderly who have the rural leisure experience, the paper analyses the feature of their choices to leisure villages and explores the influence mechanism by multivariate logistic regression model. The conclusions are as follows: although their choice is diversified, low and medium consumption level of suburb villages with pleasant climate or tourism resources in Hangzhou region is still main choice, and the choice is affected by personal, family, and time factors. Low age, good health and the companion of family and friends play a positive role to long-distance rural leisure; age, economic condition and educational level have significant effects on consumption level choice of the elderly; physical condition and the length of time are the key factors influencing the selection of rural resource type. Finally, advice for the planning and construction of leisure villages is put forward.
Key words:  City Region of Hangzhou  the Urban Elderly  Leisure Villages  the Feature of Choice  Influence Mechanism -