文章摘要
基于儿童日常游戏行为的既有住区户外开放空间规划研究*
Planning of Outdoor Open Spaces in Old Residential Area based on the Daily Activities Behavior of Children
投稿时间:2017-03-07  修订日期:2017-05-04
DOI:
中文关键词: 儿童友好城市  日常活动行为  户外开放空间  边缘住区,大连
英文关键词: Children friendly city  Daily activity behavior  Outdoor open space  Marginal residential area, Dalian
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
刘涟涟 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院 liulianlian@dlut.edu.cn 
朱凯 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院 956827561@qq.com 
陆伟 大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院  
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中文摘要:
      在联合国提出的“儿童友好型城市”倡议和当前我国即将进入二胎时代的背景下,如何在城市住区的郊区化蔓延与高度的机动化的影响下,规划建设儿童友好型的户外活动空间成为城市住区规划亟待解决的问题之一。本研究以大连某一边缘住区为案例,首先,基于实证研究获取该住区不同年龄段儿童的日常游戏场所选择、及游戏出行方式、时间和频率等活动行为特征;再是,对住区内现有公共空间的布局结构、服务范围和可达性等进行调研分析;并进一步通过问卷获取家长与儿童对其住区公共空间的认知评价;最后,探讨现有边缘住区的公共空间布局规划在儿童适宜性方面存在的问题,进而提出有利于儿童活动的相应改造建议。
英文摘要:
      In the context of the "child-friendly city" initiative proposed by the United Nations and the current situation in which China is about to enter the two generation era, how to plan and build a suitable outdoor space for children under the influence of suburbanization and high mobility of urban settlements has become one of the problems to be solved urgently in urban residential planning. This paper selected a marginal residential area in the northern city of Dalian as the case study. Firstly, the activity behavior characteristics included the daily activity sites, travel mode, time and frequency of the children in different age groups are obtained based on the empirical research. Secondly, the layout structure, service scope and accessibility of the existing public space in residential area were investigated and analyzed, and then the cognitive evaluation of the public space by parents and children was obtained through the questionnaire. Finally, it discusses the public space layout in terms of child suitability, and then put forward proposals for public space planning for existing residential areas for children's activities.
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