文章摘要
我国中小学校园室外有效容灾面积系数的研究
Study on the Coefficient of Outdoor Effective Disaster Area at Primary and Secondary School Campus
投稿时间:2017-02-27  修订日期:2017-05-13
DOI:
中文关键词: 避灾空间  中小学校园  有效容灾面积系数  室外空间
英文关键词: Disaster prevention space  primary and secondary school campus  coefficient of effective disaster area  outdoor space
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
曹义敏 云南大学建筑与规划学院 791960611@qq.com 
王培茗 云南大学建筑与规划学院 wpm-666@163.com 
马程伟 云南大学建筑与规划学院  
孙鹏宇 云南大学建筑与规划学院  
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中文摘要:
      随着中小学生避震疏散重要性的提高,为了迅速了解一个学校的有效容灾面积及其能够承载的避灾人口,依据我国有关中小学校园规划设计的规范和标准,逐项分析影响其容灾能力的各项空间,计算出不同规模中小学校园内各项用地的面积及占比,从而得出我国中小学校园室外空间作为避灾空间的有效容灾面积系数。对耿马、剑川、绿春三个县城的中小学实例进行对比分析,综合分析了实例与标准有效容灾面积系数存在偏差的原因,主要在于可用绿地面积偏小、体育活动面积比例偏小、建筑占地比例偏大。
英文摘要:
      With the improvement of the importance of the evacuation of primary and secondary school students, in order to quickly understand the effective disaster area of a school and its able to carry the disaster population, according to China's primary and secondary school campus planning and design standards ,the area and the proportion of land use in different primary and secondary schools are calculated, and the coefficient of effective disaster area in primary and secondary school campus outdoor space as disaster prevention space is obtained. This paper analyzes the examples of the primary and secondary schools in Gengma, Jianchuan and Lvchun, and analyzes the reasons of the deviation between the instance in the standard area and the disaster area. The main reason is that the available green area is too small and the proportion of the sports area is small , The proportion of building area is too large.
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