文章摘要
从屯田到守边
From Garrison Reclamation to Border Defense
投稿时间:2016-12-18  修订日期:2016-12-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 玉门关  屯田  守边  汉长城体系
英文关键词: Yumen-Pass  Garrison  Border Defense  Han Dynasty Great Wall System  
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王琳峰 中国建筑设计研究院建筑历史研究所 arch.wlinfeng@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      以往提及完备严密的长城防御体系多系明长城,而追溯起来,这种完备的长城体系早在汉代就已经基本成形。玉门关地处河西走廊西端的荒漠戈壁,疏勒河沿岸,是丝绸之路从中原进入西域的最后关口。将玉门关地区以往的考古研究成果与遗存调查相结合,分析敦煌屯田、设郡与玉门设关的时序关系,分析玉门关的物质遗存及其历史功能。玉门关集中包含了汉长城体系的各类设施:障、坞、燧、关、置、仓、边墙、等类型,共同实现了边塞地区的居住、屯田、御敌等历史功能,承载了河西汉塞的屯田系统与守边系统,受到的经济与军事双重因素的影响。认知玉门关“从屯田到守边”的历史过程,对于理解汉帝国的边疆控制与经营具有重要的原型意义。
英文摘要:
      In the past, it was mentioned that the Great Wall defense system of the Great Wall was more than that of the Ming Great Wall. For traceability, such a complete system of the Great Wall had already been basically formed in the Han Dynasty. Yumen-Pass is located in the western end of the Hexi Corridor desert Gobi, Shule-River, is the Silk Road from the Central Plains into the western end of the last pass. This paper analyzes the temporal relationship between Dunhuang and the Yumen-Pass, and analyzes the material relics and their historical functions of the Yumen-Pass, combining the archaeological research results and the relics investigation in the area. Yumen customs focused on the Han Dynasty Great Wall system includes all kinds of facilities: Zhang-fortress, Wu-fortress, Beacon, Pass, Post-station, Granary, Border-wall, and other types. These commonly realized the frontier areas of residence, garrision, defense and other historical functions, The garrison system and the border-defense system, affected by the dual economic and military factors. It is of great significance to understand the border control and management of the Han empire.
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