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基于扎根理论的东北村镇住宅院落声环境研究
梅 兰,康 健,黄 锰,金 虹
作者单位E-mail
梅 兰 河北建筑工程学院 建筑与艺术学院 1505109506@qq.com 
康 健 哈尔滨工业大学 建筑学院  
黄 锰 哈尔滨工业大学 建筑学院  
金 虹 哈尔滨工业大学 建筑学院  
摘要:
村镇住宅院落声环境的好坏直接影响居住环境的质量。本研究针对院落声环境展开定性分析,将“扎根理论”引入声环境研究领域,旨在构建院落声环境主观评价影响因素的理论模型。通过对东北三省典型村镇的36位受访者进行半结构式访谈,对收集的数据进行三级编码分析后,构建出包括 “个体差异”、“关注程度”、“心理接受程度”、“声喜好”、“活动类型”以及“声音特性”6个主范畴的村镇住宅院落声环境的主观评价影响因素模型,作为东北村镇住宅院落声环境的主观评价研究的必要基础和理论支撑。
关键词:  东北村镇  院落声环境  扎根理论  编码  理论模型  影响因素
DOI:
分类号:TU112.2
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题 (2013BAJ12B02).
Research of the Courtyard Acoustic Environment in the Northeast Rural Residence Based on the Grounded Theory
MEI Lan,KANG Jian,HUANG Meng,JIN Hong
Abstract:
The courtyard acoustic environment in rural residence directly affects the quality of the residential environment. This study is committed to qualitative analysis of the courtyard acoustic environment, introduced “grounded theory” into acoustic environment research, aimed to build the theory model of subjective evaluation factors on the courtyard sound environment. Through the semi-structured interviews of 36 respondents from three typical towns or villages in the three northeast provinces of China, and the three-level coding analysis to the data, finally built the model of subjective evaluation influence factors on the courtyard acoustic environment in the rural residence, including six main categories that were “Individual Differences”, “Concern Degree”, “Psychological Acceptability”, “Sound Preference”, “Activity Type” and “Acoustic Characteristics”, as necessary foundation and theoretical support about the research of subjective evaluation on the rural residence’s courtyard acoustic environment.
Key words:  the northeast rural  courtyard acoustic environment  grounded theory  coding  theory model  influence factors