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乡村人居文化的空间解读及其振兴
杨贵庆
作者单位
杨贵庆 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院教授 yguiqing@163.com 
摘要:
我国乡村长期农耕社会发展积累了 大量优秀的人居文化遗存,是实施乡村振兴 战略的重要资源。对乡村人居文化的空间解 读,可以全面、深入地认识文化与空间的辩证 关系。乡村人居文化与空间具有对应性,乡村 人居文化要素具有多样性的特征,并且可以协 调共存于乡村人居空间。为激发乡村活力营 造,需要将优秀的乡村人居文化与空间改善 提升进行对接,保护、传承和利用好乡村人居 文化资源,并通过乡村人居文化资源的创造 性转化、创新性发展来实现其活态再生。“文 化双创”作为一种重要的催化剂,为践行“两 山理论”提供了新思路。
关键词:  乡村人居文化  空间解读  传统村 落  乡村振兴  屿头乡沙滩村
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20190614
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51878459)
Spatial Interpretation of Rural Human Settlements Culture and Its Revitalization
YANG Guiqing
Abstract:
Implementing the strategy of rural revitalization is one of the important national strategies in China today. “Cultural revitalization” is the soul. For thousands of years, China's farming civilization has accumulated a large number of rural cultural heritages and has become a treasure of Chinese civilization. However, in the process of rural revitalization and construction, the phenomenon of “constructive destruction” and “destructive construction” to rural culture has appeared in some places, which is worrying. The reason is mainly the inaccurate and deep understanding of the value of rural culture, especially rural human settlements culture. There is insuffi cient understanding of the value of the spatial carrier that carries the rural human settlements culture, separating the protection and inheritance of rural human settlements from the protection and inheritance of rural physical space and environment; lacking of effective methods to transform the physical space and environment to inherit and innovate rural human settlement culture, etc. How to correctly understand the spatial value of rural cultural heritage and rural human settlement culture in the process of implementing the rural revitalization strategy? How to better grasp the essence of the activation and regeneration of rural human settlement cultural resources? This is of great significance for the succession and innovation of rural excellent traditional culture and the implementation of rural revitalization strategies. This article starts with the relationship between rural human settlements culture and village space, interpreting the rural human settlement culture through the village material space can fully and deeply understand the dialectical relationship between culture and space, thereby promoting the planning, construction, improvement and governance of village space, so as to protect, inherit, use and develop the rural human settlement culture. This paper points out that there is a correspondence between rural human settlement culture and space. Culture needs spatial expression, and quality space is cultural in itself. The rich elements of rural human settlement culture are directly or indirectly refl ected in the spatial characteristics, condensing into the so-called “local characteristics”. They together form a rural human settlement culture with local characteristics. The elements of rural human settlements are diverse and multi-generational, with diverse characteristics. Therefore, its spatial characteristics are also diverse, and can co-exist in rural human settlement space. In order to stimulate rural vitality, it is necessary to link excellent rural human settlement culture with spatial improvement, to protect, inherit and make good use of the cultural resources of rural human settlements, to achieve its living regeneration through the creative transformation and innovative development of rural human settlement cultural resources. “Cultural innovation”, as an important catalyst provides new ideas for practicing the rural revitalization.
Key words:  Rural Human Settlement Culture  Spatial Interpretation  Traditional Village  Rural Revitalization  Yutou Town Shatan Village