|关键词: 云南民族地区 乡村聚落空间 空
间转型 适应性重构 传统人居环境
|Discussions on Human Settlements Environment, Spatial Transformation and Reconstruction of YunnanNationality Settlements
|Yunnan is a typical region where ethnic minorities live in a geographically diverse
and culturally diverse environment, with the most diverse ethnic groups in Southwest China.
This study takes Yunnan as the research object to explore the settlement environment and
spatial pattern of rural settlements in ethnic areas. This research integrates the application of
Geographic Information Systems to explore the living environment of ethnic settlements and
the causes of evolution. Due to the lack of textual historical data and integral system view,
exploring the framework for the reconstruction of human settlement environment through ethnic
settlement space, it’s expected that studies can provide theoretical and technical possibilities for
the protection and development of traditional rural settlements in ethnic areas.
Through the specific application of GIS spatial analysis, studies construct a quantitative
model of spatial data for rural settlements in Yunnan, sort out the settlement environment of rural
settlements, and analyze the spatial characteristics and influencing factors of rural settlements.
Facing rapid development and changes, this paper analyzes the contradictions and conflicts in the
spatial transformation of ethnic settlements. Facing the problem of lack of holistic understanding,
further it puts forward the research framework of the reconstruction of ethnic settlements.
The analysis shows that the rapidly developing ethnic settlements should tap traditional human
settlement wisdom such as ecological environment and cultural geography, face the core issues
of the protection and development of ethnic settlements, deepen systematic and comprehensive
research, and explore the framework of the environmental suitability and the overall systematic
spatial restructuring and the method of generation.
This study sorts out the trends of the study of rural settlements in ethnic areas, quantitatively
analyzes them from the spatial level, and uses the 2018 satellite maps as the base map to describe
and identify the rural settlement space in Yunnan. Then it integrates with the geospatial units
to carry out related settlement environments analysis of human-land relationship, physical
geography, cultural geography, vertical zone, and spatial distribution. The contents of combing
are with these: the spatial distribution, scale, farming radius of the settlement, the production
mode of the settlement, the ecological environment, the historical evolution of the settlement,
cultural heritage, the altitude of the settlement, the mode of livelihood, and the uneven
distribution of the settlement in ethnic areas.
The current social and economic, production and lifestyle, and tourism development have
led to the transformation of settlement space. To a sustainable development transition model,the development of settlement space should continue the wisdom of traditional settlements and the cultural heritage of traditional settlements.
This research starts with the method of constructing a rural settlement spatial system database and quantitatively analyzes the rural settlement
environment pattern in Yunnan. The spatial system database is also extensible.
This study explores the feasibility of reconstructing the traditional settlement environment of ethnic settlements, returns regional studies,
historical studies and other back to the spatial level, establishes spatial clues, analyzes the historical evolution of ethnic settlements, and provides
possible methods for the reconstruction of traditional settlement spaces. This study faces multipoint ethnic settlements, although basic-level and
system-integrity-level studies are involved, the study of typical living environment and its space-time needs to be further refined.
|Key words: Yunnan Minority Area Traditional Rural Settlement Space Space Transformation Adaptive Reconstruction Traditional Human