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新疆天山北麓传统建筑营造做法研究
李 江1, 刘亚如2
1.北京工业大学建筑与城市规划学院,副教 授,waxheart_325@163.com;2.北京工业大学建筑与城市规划学院,硕士 研究生
摘要:
天山北麓地区依据天山山脉走向, 于山前平原构成了一处东西跨度达一千余公 里的带形地域,该地域内主要建于清代的传 统建筑,在抬梁式大木结构的基础上,适应 当地的地理条件和文化背景,形成了绵延千 里、相对统一的建筑体系。以往关于天山北 麓传统建筑的研究工作多限于一般考察或局 部研究,亟需构建系统分析,满足一带一路 地区的遗产保护需求。以1910年莫理循中国 西北行所摄城镇、建筑照片为线索,将清末 图像信息与当今场景、工艺调查相结合,对新 疆天山北麓传统建筑营造做法进行整理,展 现其在中国建筑史中具有的重要地位。
关键词:  天山北麓  传统建筑  莫理循  营 造做法
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180611
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51408011)
Research on Traditional Architecture Construction Method in North Side of the Tianshan Mountain
LI Jiang,LIU Yaru
Abstract:
According to the trend of Tianshan Mountain, the North Side of the Tianshan Mountain constituted a band area spanning more than one thousand kilometers in the piedmont plain. The traditional architectures mainly built in Qing Dynasty in this area, constructed with wooden frame, adapted to the local geographical conditions and cultural background, formed a stretches of one thousand kilometers, relatively independent building system. Previous studies on the traditional architectural of the North Side of the Tianshan Mountain mostly limited to general investigation, the systematic research is needed urgently to meet the heritage protection needs of the Belt and Road area. This paper takes the pictures of G.E.Morrison's journey in Northwest China in 1910 as clue, combined with precious image information in the late Qing Dynasty, craftsmen survey and today’s scene, systematic research on traditional architecture construction method in North Side of the Tianshan Mountain, aiming to demonstrate its important position in Chinese architectural history.
Key words:  North Side of the Tianshan Mountain  Traditional Architecture  G.E.Morrison  Construction Method