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基于水生态系统服务综合效能提升的城市河流生态修复研究
汪洁琼1, 葛俊雯2, 成水平3
1.同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,讲师, echowangwang@qq.com;2.同济大学建筑与城市规划学院, 硕士研 究生;3.同济大学环境科学与工程学院,教授,博 士生导师
摘要:
针对城市双修背景下河流生态修复 工作存在的3大误区与困境,通过荟萃分析 的文献定量研究,厘清了城市河流修复的生 态效应,指出河流生态修复对水生态系统服 务有着积极的提升作用,丰富物种多样性, 增加物种数量与分布密度,对调节性生态系 统服务有显著的正面影响。研究构建了城市 河流生态修复方面,水生态系统服务综合效 能提升的概念模型,包括以水质净化为基 础、生境多样性为核心、文化性服务为关键 的3个方面。
关键词:  风景园林  城市河流  生态修复  生态系统服务  水生态
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180608
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFC0505705); 国家自然青年科学基金项目(51508391); 住房和城乡建设部软科学研究项目 (K22018095);高密度人居环境生态与 节能教育部重点实验室(同济大学)开放课 题(201820301);高密度人居环境生态与 节能教育部重点实验室(同济大学)开放 课题(201810405)
Urban River Ecological Restoration Based on Improving the Overall Capacities of Water-relatedEcosystem Services
WANG Jieqiong,GE Junwen,CHENG Shuiping
Abstract:
There are three major misunderstandings and difficulties regarding urban river ecological restoration in the context of urban renovation and restoration. Using a meta-analysis, this paper aims to clarify the ecological effects of urban river restoration through quantitative literature research. The results showed that urban river ecological restoration positively contributed to water-related ecosystem services. It can also increase the richness of river biodiversity, species number and density, which have significant positive impacts on regulating ecosystem services. This paper also proposes a framework for the ecological restoration of urban rivers through which the overall capacity of water-related ecosystem services can be improved. The framework includes three aspects, which were water quality improvements as the foundation, habitat diversity as the core, and cultural service as the key.
Key words:  Landscape Architecture  Urban River  Ecological Restoration  Ecosystem Services  Water Ecology