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从“+海绵”到“海绵+”
邹 锦
上海中森建筑与工程设计顾问有限公司 生态城市研究中心,工程师,zoujiner@ 126.com
摘要:
海绵城市建设希望解决的是城市 在水安全、水生态、水环境等方面问题。在 现阶段,单纯为了满足一系列海绵城市规划 设计指标,而把海绵设施建设考虑在项目规 划设计后期的“+海绵”情况比较突出,由此 产生了很多弊端。笔者因此提出“海绵+”理 念,希望在综合解决城市雨洪与水资源问题 的同时,主动强化其附加的生态效益与社会 效益等,提出了“海绵+”在生态、社会、文 化等方面的应用策略,在解决城市水问题的同 时,实现社会—生态系统的整体协同进化与 真正和谐的人水关系。
关键词:  “+海绵”  “海绵+”  生态效 益  社会效益  文化效益
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180604
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(51278504); 国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(51678087); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助 (22120180267)
From ‘+Sponge’ to ‘Sponge+’
ZOU Jin
Abstract:
Sponge city construction hopes to solve the problems of water safety, water ecology, water environment and so on. It’s commonly in projects of nowadays, the sponge facilities are normally considered in the late stage of the project planning and design, only to satisfy a series of indexes of sponge city construction. The situation is called ‘+sponge’, which has many disadvantages. Therefore, this paper puts forward the concept of ‘sponge+’ in order to strengthen the additional ecological benefits and social benefits of the sponge city construction actively, as while as solve the problems of urban rain flood and water resources. Furthermore, it puts forward the application strategies of ‘sponge+’ in ecology, society and culture, so as to achieve the co-evolution of the social-ecosystem and the harmonious relationship between human and water.
Key words:  ‘+Sponge’  ‘Sponge+’  Ecological Benefit  Social Benefit  Cultural Benefit