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城市更新生长性理论认识与实践
赵万民
重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,教授、博士 生导师,zwm65126371@sina.com
摘要:
我国的旧城更新工作,自20世纪80 年代后期始,伴随着城镇化的进程,经历了 三十余年的发展和探索,取得显著的成果。 当前,中国的社会主义建设显现出不平衡、不 充分发展的矛盾,在城镇化发展方面,笔者 认为表现在三个方面的不平衡:东西部区域 性的发展差距和不平衡,城市—乡村发展差 距和不平衡,以及,城市新区建设和旧城更 新发展差距和不平衡。中国逐步进入城镇化 发展的后期,乡村建设和旧城更新,将成为 这个时期人居环境品质提升工作的两个重要 方面。事物的发展,具有其规律性,往往为 时间、空间、事件、人物所影响,构成发展的 轨迹和内在联系,形成结果,又反馈和作用 于事物的演进和再发展,笔者将这种作用力 的构成及其演进规律称为“生长性”。由此, 论文讨论了旧城更新工作的矛盾性和复杂 性,提出对城市更新工作“生长性”的认识, 这种生长性包含两个方面的理论观点,时 空发展关系的生长性,地域技术关系的生长 性,形成城市更新本质的影响和作用力。文章 选取笔者所经历、并与重庆城市更新学术研 究相关联的几个案例,进行探讨,从历史认 识、教育认识、生态认识方面,探索旧城更新 的时代意义及其影响价值,表达“城市更新” 学术探索的生长性及其实践思考。
关键词:  城市更新  生长性  理论  实践  认识
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180601
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(51678086)
Recognition and Practice of Urban Renewal Theory
ZHAO Wanmin
Abstract:
The old city renewal in China starts in the late 1980s, and achieves remarkable results through more than 30 years development and exploration during the urbanization processes. Currently, the Chinese socialist construction emerges the contradictory phenomenon of imbalance and insufficient development. From the perspective of urbanization, the author thinks that it demonstrates in three aspects: development gap and imbalance between the eastern and western regions, urban and rural areas, new urban district construction and old city renewal. With China stepping into the later stage of urbanization, rural construction and old city renewal will become two signifi cant aspects of missions for improving human settlement qualities. The development of things has its regularity, which is often infl uenced by time, space, events and characters, and constitutes the track and internal connection of development. It then forms results that feedback and act on the evolution and re-development of things. The author refers to the composition of this force and its evolution law as “growth theory”. Therefore, the paper discusses the contradiction and complexity of old city renewal mission, and puts forwards the recognition of “growth theory” of this work, which consists of two theoretical aspects: spatiotemporal development relations and regional technical relations. It forms the infl uence and force of urban renewal nature. The paper selects several cases that experienced by the author and linked to the urban renewal academic research in Chongqing Municipality to discuss the contemporary signifi cance and infl uence of old city renewal in the aspects of history recognition, education recognition and ecology recognition, and demonstrates the growth theory and practice thoughts of “urban renewal” academic exploration.
Key words:  Urban Renewal  Growth Theory  Theory  Practice  Recognition