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吉安地区客家书院人文关联性探析
董禹含1, 高 源2, 李晓峰3
1.哈尔滨工业大学建筑学院,博士研究生;2.中交第一航务工程勘察设计院有限公 司,工程师;3.( 通讯作者):华中科技大学建筑与城市规 划学院,教授,lixf@hust.edu.cn
摘要:
吉安地处江西省中西部,古称“庐 陵”,历史悠久,经济发达,重视教育,崇尚节 义,境内有大量民间书院。客家书院作为民间 书院的一支,其文化背景与建筑特征均有鲜 明特色。历史上由于客家的倒流,客家人与吉 安当地的土著既相互对峙又相互融合,使吉 安地区的客家书院的建筑实体与空间兼具庐 陵文化与客家文化双重特点。本文通过吉安 地区客家书院、土籍书院,以及吉安地区客 家书院与江西省其他地区客家书院的比较研 究,探寻客家文化影响下民间书院的建筑特 征,分析吉安地区土、客民间书院实体与空 间上的异同,论证吉安地区客家书院同时受 到土、客双重文化影响,为多元文化传播背景 下的民间书院研究提供借鉴。
关键词:  客家书院  吉安  人文关联性  比较研究
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180517
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51678257)
Research on Humanistic Relevance of Hakka Academies in Ji’an
DONG Yuhan,GAO Yuan,LI Xiaofeng
Abstract:
Ji’an is located in the midwest of Jiangxi Province. It was named as “Luling” in the ancient times. Long history, developed economy, focus on education and the advocation for justice provided favorable conditions for the appearance of folk academies. As a type of folk academy, the cultural background and architectural feature of Hakka academy is unique. In history, due to the backfl ow of the Hakkas, Hakka people and the local aborigines in Ji'an had been confronting and merging with each other. Therefore, the architectural entity and space of Hakka academy has dual characteristics of Luling culture and Hakka culture. In this paper, a comparative study between Hakka academies and aboriginal academies in Ji’an together with Hakka academies in other parts of Jiangxi is made to to explore the characteristics of folk academies under the influence of Hakka culture, analyzing the similarities and differences between aboriginal academies and Hakka academies, in order to prove that the Hakka academies are infl uenced by Luling culture and Hakka culture at the same time. The study provides certain guidance for the study of folk academies under multicultural communication background.
Key words:  Hakka Academy  Ji’an  Humanistic Relevance  Comparative Study