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基于创新人才培养模式的“建造实践”教学体系
阎 波1, 邓蜀阳2, 杨 威3
1.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,教授,博士 生导师,yanbo@cqu.edu.cn;2.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,教授,博士 生导师;3.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,讲师
摘要:
创新应用型人才培养是当前国内各 建筑院校教育的终极目标,而人才培养模式 的创新是创新人才培养的核心。重庆大学建 筑城规学院在本科1—3年级“空间建构”教 学中加入实体建造内容,根据学生对建筑学 科渐进的认知过程(空间认知—环境认知— 行为认知),设置从单一材料、单一空间到多 种材料、复合空间的实体建造,形成由浅入 深、循序渐进、相互关联、紧凑连贯的“建造 实践”教学体系,成为建筑设计主干课程的重 要支撑。此过程为学生提供了表现能力的各 种机会,培养了学生参与的热情、动手的能力 和团队协作的智慧,知识的传递由被动式接 受逐渐向主动式学习转化,教育模式由培养 专业技术人员向培养创新人才转化
关键词:  建筑师  创新人才  建造实践  空间 建构  建筑教育
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180515
分类号:
基金项目:教育部归国人员科研启动基金资助项目
The Teaching System of “Construction Practice” Based on the Cultivation Mode of Innovative Talents
YAN Bo,DENG Shuyang,YANG Wei
Abstract:
Cultivation of talents with innovation and application abilities is the ultimate goal of education in various architectural schools in China at present, and innovation of talent cultivation mode is the core of innovative talent training. Entity construction projects are incorporated into the teaching of “space construction” in the fi rst to third year of undergraduate education in the School of Architecture and Urban Planning in Chongqing University. Based on the gradual process of students’ cognition of architectural discipline (spatial cognition— environment cognition—behavior cognition), entity construction projects have been established from single material and single space to a variety of materials and composite space, forming a progressive, interrelated, compact and coherent “construction practice” teaching system and supporting as a backbone the main course of architectural design. During such a process, students are provided with abundant opportunities to display their abilities and develop enthusiasm for participation, hands-on skills and teamwork wisdom so as to realize the transfer from passive acceptance to active learning and from the training of professional and technical personnel to innovative talents.
Key words:  Architect  Creative Talents  Construction Practice  Space Construction  Architectural Education