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基于景观基因理论的湘南地区现代乡村规划建设研究
赵先超1, 袁 超2, 向婉怡3
1.湖南工业大学城市与环境学院/美丽乡村 建设与发展研究中心,亚热带建筑科学 国家重点实验室,副教授,zhaoxianchao 1983@163.com;2.湖南工业大学城市与环境学院,硕士研究生;3.湖南工业大学城市与环境学院,本科生
摘要:
当前,现代乡村规划建设大多注重 以现代技术和理念塑造现代生活环境,对于 历史脉搏的挖掘与继承多有忽视,造成历史 文脉和地方特色延续的断代。研究以湘南地 区为例,尝试引入传统聚落景观基因理论与 现代乡村规划相结合,在宏观规划和微观建 筑两个层面十二项指标挖掘并集成景观基因 图谱,探求其在现代规划中的指导应用,得出 “因子整合—可行性筛选—科学性变异—移 植结合”的基本应用思路,提出对规划选址、 居民点规划、空间规划、景观规划和建筑平 面设计、立面设计、构件材质设计等七大要素 的应用机制,以解决湘南村庄规划建设过程 中出现的空间环境失调和地方特色缺失等问 题,为现代乡村规划建设提供参考和借鉴。
关键词:  景观基因  现代乡村规划建设  历史传承  湘南
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180514
分类号:
基金项目:亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室开放 基金(2 016ZB10);教育部规划基金 (17YJCZH258);湖南省大学生研究性学 习和创新性实验计划项目(湘教通〔2018〕 255号)
Research on Modern Village Planning and Construction in Southern Hunan Based on LandscapeGene Theory
ZHAO Xianchao,YUAN Chao,XIANG Wangyi
Abstract:
At present, modern rural planning and construction mostly focuses on modern technology and ideas to create a modern living environment. There is often neglect of the mining and inheritance of historical pulse, resulting in the interruption of historical context and local characteristics. Taking the southern Hunan region as an example, this paper attempts to introduce the traditional settlement landscape gene theory in combination with modern rural planning, which has led to the exploration and integration of landscape genetic maps at the two levels of macro-planning and micro-architectural levels to explore its application in modern planning. Focusing on the basic application ideas of factor integration-feasibility screening-scientific variation-transplantation integration, it proposes seven-level application mechanisms for planning site selection, residential site planning, spatial planning, landscape planning and architectural graphic design, facade design, and component material design, to solve the problems of spatial environmental disorders and local characteristics that are absent in the planning and construction of the villages in southern Hunan, and it’s expected that it will provide references for modern rural planning and construction.
Key words:  Landscape Genes  Modern Rural Planning and Construction  Historical Inheritance  Southern Hunan