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中国古典园林风、雨声景的空间营造手法探析
谢 辉1, 杨森琪2, 葛煜喆3
1.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设与 新技术教育部重点实验室,研究员,博士 生导师,xh@cqu.edu.cn;2.重庆大学建筑城规学院,本科生;3.重庆大学建筑城规学院,博士研究生
摘要:
风雨作为自然环境中常见的气候要 素,其声景营造是中国古典园林艺术的重要 组成部分。本文从声源、空间环境、接收点 三个方面,结合风、雨声景的实例分析,探究 风、雨声景的营造手法。声源方面,风雨多借 植物以发声,仿乐器设构筑物而发声;空间环 境方面,常以声源围合接收点,其他材料提供 反射声;接收点上,建筑多设大面积花窗,接 收点的空间层次较为丰富。
关键词:  中国古典园林  风声景  雨声景  空间传播
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180510
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(51678089); 中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目 (106112017CDJQJ198841)
The Spatial Creation Approach of Windscape and Rainscape in Chinese Traditional Gardens
XIE Hui,YANG Senqi,GE Yuzhe
Abstract:
Wind and rain are common climatic elements in the natural environment, and their soundscape are important components of the Chinese classical garden art. This paper analyzed the related examples of windscape and rainscape, from three aspects of sound source, environment and receiving point, and explored the creation approach of windscape and rainscape. In terms of sound sources, the wind and rain reply on plants to generate sounds, whereas the imitated musical instruments set up structures to make sounds. In terms of environment, the sound source is often used to surround the receiving point, and other materials provide refl ective sounds. Regarding the receiving point, the building in the Chinese garden often has a large number of ornamental windows, with rich layered spaces.
Key words:  Chinese Traditional Garden  Windscape  Rainscape  Spatial Transmission