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以公交和步行为导向的当代城市中心区空间重塑策略研究
孙彤宇1, 赵玉玲2
1.同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,教授;2.( 通讯作者):同济大学建筑与城市规划学 院,博士研究生,zhaoyul ing@tongji. edu.cn
摘要:
在当代高密度城市中心区,缓解人 车冲突和构建宜步行空间备受关注。文章选 取陆家嘴金融区作为案例,通过小陆家嘴的 空间发展梳理、空间结构分析和空间现状调 研,指出中心区空间存在空间格局机动化,主 轴切割城市空间,以及公共空间节点与步行 系统脱离等问题。同时采用图解和空间句法 等方法,对比研究TOD模式、巴黎德方斯、 维也纳多瑙新城、伦敦金丝雀码头等一组基 于公交化和步行化理念开发的城市中心区, 提出优化中心区步行空间的主要内容在于构 建宜步行的交通结构,提升公共交通对步行 者的支持和塑造能激发城市生活的公共空 间。基于此,提出包括立体化交通策略、站厅 核策略、可见即可达的步行空间主节点策略 等适用于当代城市中心区空间重塑的措施, 为后续中心区建设和改造提供思路。
关键词:  城市中心区  步行化  公交化  陆家 嘴  TOD模式  空间优化策略
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180506
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51578383)
Studies on the Strategies of Public Transit and Pedestrian Oriented Space Reconstruction ofContemporary Urban Center
SUN Tongyu,ZHAO Yuling
Abstract:
In high-density urban center, easing the conflict between pedestrian and traffic and constructing pedestrian oriented spaces have attracted much attention. This paper takes Lujiazui fi nancial district as a case, by the analysis of development history, spatial structure and fi eld research, fi nds that the spatial problems of Lujiazui lie in three aspects: motorized space pattern, main traffi c road cutting urban space, and the separation of public space nodes from the pedestrian system. Meanwhile, the paper compares TOD model with a group of public transit and pedestrian oriented urban center cases by graphical and space syntax analysis, and proposes the framework of space reconstruction in urban center, including constructing pedestrian oriented transportation structure, enhancing the support of the public transport for the pedestrians, and shaping the public space that can stimulate diverse city life. Based on this, a set of space reconstruction strategies are proposed, for instance, vertical traffi c system strategy, station hall strategy, and visible pedestrian main node strategy, which provide ideas for the construction and transformation of Chinese urban center.
Key words:  Urban Center  Pedestrian Oriented  Public Transit Oriented  Lujiazui District  TOD Model  Space Optimization Strategies