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乡村振兴背景下传统村落空间的重塑与再生路径探析 ——以磁县徐家沟乡村规划为例
范 勇1, 袁 赟2, 王林申3, 马明春2
1.济南大学土木建筑学院,讲师,fanyong 1919@163.com;2.济南大学土木建筑学院,讲师;3.济南大学土木建筑学院,副教授
摘要:
传统乡村聚落根植于农业文明, 是我们民族重要的文化根基,其选址与布 局、空间组织及形态等均具有丰富的文化内 涵和地方特色,创造出了尺度宜人的空间结 构、多义的空间功能、丰富的景观序列和贴合 自然的空间变化。在当前快速城镇化进程中, 许多传统村落消失了,很多乡村“城市病”的 愈演愈烈,这不是城镇化进程中乡村发展的 应有之义。本文从聚落形态与空间功能、聚 落肌理与空间尺度、聚落格局与景观变化等 层面对传统乡村聚落空间形态进行解析,以 河北省磁县徐家沟传统村落改造规划设计为 例,从传统元素的恢复与文化重建、空间形 态与聚落肌理的构建、叙事景观的提炼与空 间延展、传统空间与现代功能的结合等四个 方面对传统乡村聚落的改造进行实证研究,并从地域文化特征与乡土环境特色的保持、公众过 程的参与和成果的共享等方面进行了延伸探讨,力求为传统乡村和传统文化的复兴寻找到内生 的、可持续的发展道路。
关键词:  乡村聚落  城镇化  重塑  再生
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180316
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目 (51608227);山东省住房城乡建设科技 计划项目(2018-R1-14);济南大学博士基 金项目(XBS160100207);济南大学科技 计划项目
Exploration and Analysis of the Reconstruction and Regeneration of the Traditional Village Space Underthe Background of Rural Revitalization—Taking Xujiagou Rural Planning as an Example
FAN Yong,YUAN Yun,WANG Linshen,MA Mingchun
Abstract:
The traditional rural settlement is rooted in agricultural civilization, and is an important cultural foundation of our nation. It has rich cultural connotation and local characteristics in its location and layout, spatial organization and shape, creating a pleasant spatial structure and polysemous space features, rich landscape sequences and fi tting in with the natural changes in the space. In the process of rapid urbanization, many traditional villages have disappeared, and many rural “urban diseases” have intensifi ed. This is not the proper meaning of rural development in the process of urbanization. On the basis of the planning and design of Xujiagou traditional rural rebuilding in Cixian County, Hebei Province, this paper analyzes the spatial pattern of traditional rural settlements from aspects of settlement form and spatial function, settlement texture and spatial scale, settlement pattern and landscape change, and conducts empirical study of the traditional rural settlements transformation from four aspects of the traditional elements restoration and cultural reconstruction, the formation of spatial morphology and settlement texture, narrative landscape refining and spatial extension, the integration of traditional space and modern functions, and extends the discussion from aspects of preservation of regional cultural characteristics and local environmental features, the public participation and the sharing of the results, so as to fi nd an endogenous and sustainable path for the development and rejuvenation of traditional villages and traditional cultures.
Key words:  Rural Settlement  Urbanization  Remodeling  Regeneration