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新村建设背景下地域性乡土村落民居的更新对比分析 ——以吐鲁番吐峪沟洋海夏村为例
孙应魁1, 塞尔江·哈力克2, 王 烨3
1.新疆大学建筑工程学院,硕士研究生, 153164043@qq.com;2.新疆大学建筑工程学院,副教授;3.新疆大学建筑工程学院,硕士研究生
摘要:
对新疆吐鲁番地区生土村落民居 进行地域性解读,选取鄯善县吐峪沟乡洋海 夏村典型新老村落民居进行对比分析,在 介绍村落区位气候、总体布局的基础上,完 整呈现古村民居的建构材料、平面及主要功 能布局情况,总结其乡土营建智慧和村居更 新中的问题,分析得出新材料的引入、功能 生活的“现代化”转型及平面形态的固化生 长是地域乡土村落更新的主要异化表现, 并以此为基础,对当下新农村建设与保留传 承多样性的生土村居特征协同之策进行探 索思考。
关键词:  新农村建设  新老村落民居对 比  地域性
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180314
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51668058)
The Comparative Analysis of Regional Rural Village Dwellings under the Background of NewCountryside Construction—Taking Yanghaixia Village in Turpan as an Example
SUN Yingkui,SAIERJIANG Halike,WANG Ye
Abstract:
Raw-soil countryside houses in Turpan area of Xinjiang are interpreted from a regional perspective, then a comparative analysis of typical old and new countryside houses in Yanghaixia Village, Tuyugou Town, Shanshan County, is conducted. Next, on the basis of the introduction to regional climate and overall layout of the village, building materials, plane and distribution of main functions of the houses in the ancient village are presented completely, and the problems in the building of smart village and the updating of countryside houses are summarized. From the analysis, it is concluded that the introduction of new materials, modernization of functional life and fixed growth of plane are primary alienations of the updating of regional native villages, and this conclusion is used to explore and reflect on polices to coordinate current construction of new countryside with the preservation of diverse characteristics of raw-soil countryside houses.
Key words:  Construction of New Countryside  Comparison of Old and New Houses  Regionality