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河谷气候影响下的生态城市形态浅析 ——以重庆市奉节县整体城市设计为例
萧 乐
重庆市设计院规划设计院,工程师, 410273124@qq.com
摘要:
古往今来,气候特征对人类历史上 各种文明的产生和发展发挥着不同程度的作 用。虽然现代文明已经发展到可以抵御部分 气候带来的灾害,但是在目前所倡导的城市双 修、节能减排、绿色宜居,建设低碳生态城市 大背景下,通过城市的空间形态充分利用自然 气候带来的益处,减少不良气候带来的危害, 从而达到生态宜居,成为了城市建设的最终目 的。山地城市地形地貌复杂、生态环境敏感、 气候多变,在山地气候研究中又以河谷气候变 化最为复杂,河谷城市形态受气候及其它因素 影响与平原城市相比也有很大的不同。因此 本文选取具有典型河谷特征地形的奉节县为 例,研究通过城市形态利用较为复杂的局地 气候,最终达到建设生态城镇的目的。
关键词:  局地气候  滨水  山地  河谷  城市 形态
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180311
分类号:
基金项目:
Research on Space Form of Eco-City Under the Infl uence of River Valley Climate—The Case of Fengjie County, Chongqing City
XIAO Le
Abstract:
Throughout the ages, climate characteristics have played a different role in the emergence and development of various civilizations in human history. Although the modern civilization has developed to withstand climate disasters, how to make full use of natural climate benefits, reduce the harm caused by bad weather and achieve the ecological livable city through the urban spatial form has become the ultimate goal of city construction, under the background of advocating city double repair, energy saving and emission reduction, green livable, low-carbon ecological city construction. Mountainous city has complex topography, and its ecological environment is sensitive to climate variability. In mountain climate research, river valley climate change is the most complex. The urban form of river valley is greatly different from that of plain cities under the infl uence of climate and other factors. Therefore, this paper selects Fengjie with typical valley features as an example. Researches on how to make use of complex local climate in urban form may eventually achieve the purpose of building eco towns.
Key words:  Local Climate  Waterfront  Mountain  River Valley  Urban Form