引用本文:
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 472次   下载 284 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
国外收缩城市研究进展及其启示
张 华1, 练云龙2
1.环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验 室,北京师范大学地理科学学部,讲师, zhanghua@bnu.edu.cn;2.北京师范大学地理科学学部,硕士研 究生
摘要:
随着全球化进程不断推进,城市 经济社会转型加快,城市发展出现分化,部 分城市出现了人口减少、经济下滑的收缩现 象,学界对城市收缩的关注也日趋增多。本文 回顾了国外对收缩城市的已有研究,梳理了 现有收缩城市研究最重要的三个主题,即收 缩城市的定义与识别、收缩城市的形成原因 与机制以及对收缩城市的政策响应,并提出 了对中国收缩城市研究的借鉴与启示。国外 现有的收缩城市研究逐渐关注城市收缩过程 的多尺度与多主体问题,聚焦多尺度要素和多 主体利益在城市收缩过程中所面临的问题。 针对中国特殊的国情和问题,我们应在国外 收缩城市研究的基础上,从收缩城市的社会 结构性问题、收缩城市的城市综合问题、城 市收缩过程的模拟与预测以及收缩城市的综 合管理政策等方面着手,尝试和开拓收缩城 市研究的重要方向。
关键词:  收缩城市  人口流失  研究进展
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180305
分类号:
基金项目:北京高等学校青年英才计划项目 (YETP0290)
Progresses of Shrinking Cities and Their Implications
ZHANG Hua,LIAN Yunlong
Abstract:
The world is going through a special era characterized by the progress of globalization, the rapid transformation of economic and social structure, and the different developing pattern of cities. Some of the densely populated urban area has faced considerable population loss and economic decline, while academic discussion has kept eyes on the issues of urban shrinkage. Based on the former international research on shrinking cities, the article extracts three main themes from the existing studies, that is, the conceptualization and recognition of shrinking cities, the causes and mechanism of shrinking cities and the policy responses and strategies for shrinking cities. Finally, the article aims to provide revelation for the research on shrinking cities. The international research on shrinking cities has now focused on issues of the multiple scale and multiple agents, especially for the factors existing in multiple scale and the stakeholder analysis of multiple agents. In sense of the special context of China, the future research should be conducted from four themes: the social structure and its transition in the shrinking cities; the urban problem of the shrinking cities; the simulation and prediction of the process of urban shrinkage; the integrated management approach of the policy responses and strategies for shrinking cities.
Key words:  Shrinking Cities  Population Loss  Research Progresses