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德国收缩城市的规划应对策略研究 ——以原东德都市重建计划为例
邓嘉怡1, 郑莎莉2, 李 郇3
1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,硕士研 究生 郑莎莉: 中山大;2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,硕士研 究生;3.( 通讯作者):中山大学地理科学与规划学 院,教授,博士生导师,lixun23@126.com
摘要:
两德统一后,原东德城市出现了人 口减少与经济衰退的收缩现象,而后大量空 置建筑的出现使得城市空间肌理遭到了严重 的破坏。进入新世纪,为解决收缩城市中住房 市场过剩的问题,德国联邦政府启动了“原东 德都市重建计划”。通过介绍该计划的具体 举措,对改造区域重估、空置房屋拆除重建、 老旧建筑物更新与再利用以及公共基础设 施项目回归四个层面的实践内容进行深入探 讨。最后,对该计划在实施过程中的经验借鉴 进行总结,期望为我国政府部门应对城市收 缩问题提供参考依据。
关键词:  收缩城市  规划应对  原东德都市 重建计划  具体举措  经验借鉴
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180303
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目 (41571118,41271138)
Research on the Strategies to Cope with Shrinkage in Germany—A Case Study of “Urban Rebuilding East (Stadtumbau Ost)”
DENG Jiayi,ZHENG Shali,LI Xun
Abstract:
After the German reunification, eastern German cities had experienced shrinking population and economic recession, and the following emergence of a large number of vacant buildings caused serious damage to the urban spatial structure. In the new century, in order to solve the problem of the surplus in the housing market, the federal government launched the Urban Rebuilding East Policy (Stadtumbau Ost). This thesis firstly introduces the specific measures of the plan, including re-evaluation of the target region, demolishment and reconstruction of vacant houses, renovation and reuse of old buildings and return of public infrastructure projects. Those four levels are discussed in depth in the way they performed and the financial aid they received. Finally, this thesis summarizes the experience in the implementation process. It is expected to provide reference for Chinese government departments to deal with urban shrinking problems. Keywords: Shrinking Cities; Planning
Key words:  Shrinking Cities  Planning Response  Urban Rebuilding East Policy  Measures  Experience