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基于非物质文化遗产活化的传统村落保护与更新研究 ——以安徽绩溪县湖村为例
顾大治1, 王 彬2, 黄雨萌3, 许晓迪4
1.合肥工业大学建筑与艺术学院,副教授, 67134971@qq.com;2.合肥工业大学建筑与艺术学院,硕士研究生;3.日本筑波大学,硕士研究生;4.美国密西根大学,硕士研究生
摘要:
本文以中国传统村落、安徽省历史 文化名村绩溪县湖村为例,关注如何通过非 物质文化遗产保护与传承来促进传统村落 这一物质文化遗产保护的问题。首先分析了 湖村村落物质空间和非物质文化遗产特色, 接着阐释了非物质文化遗产活化与传统村落 保护与更新的关系,再梳理政府、企业和社 区三个层面村落物质空间及非物质文化遗产 的保护现状及存在问题,提出结合不同类型 非物质文化遗产活化的湖村物质空间发展策 略,最后提炼出构建“人—村—遗”一体化 的发展策略、完善村落非物质文化遗产传承 人制度、加强以生态博物馆理念为核心的村 落内涵建设及建设以特色产业为媒介的多方 参与体系四点建议。
关键词:  非物质文化遗产  活化  传统村 落  保护  更新
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180216
分类号:
基金项目:安徽省高等学校人文社会科学研究重点项目 (SK2017A005)
Study on Traditional Village Conservation and Regeneration Based on Activation of Intangible CulturalHeritage—A Case Study of Hu Village in Jixi County
GU Dazhi,WANG Bin,HUANG Yumeng,XU Xiaodi
Abstract:
The paper takes Hu Village in Jixi County, the traditional Chinese village as well as historical and cultural village of Anhui Province, as an example to discuss how to promote the protection of traditional villages as material and cultural heritages through the protection and inheritance of the intangible cultural heritage. Firstly, the paper analyzes physical spaces and intangible cultural heritage characteristics of the village. Secondly, it expounds the relationship between the activation of intangible cultural heritage and the protection and renewal of traditional villages, as well as the protection of the material space and intangible cultural heritage in the three levels of the government, enterprises and communities with existing problems. It proposes that different types of intangible cultural heritage should be combined to activate the physical and spatial development strategy of Hu Village. It finally extract suggestions for development strategies in the four aspects of integrating “human— village—heritage”, improving the inheritance system of village intangible cultural heritages, strengthening the connotation construction of the village centered on the concept of ecological museum and building a multi-party system with special industries as the medium.
Key words:  Intangible Cultural Heritage  Activation  Traditional Village  Conservation  Regeneration