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生境生态系统规划 ——生态规划的一种途径
赵 珂1, 赵梦琳2, 王立清3
1.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,教授,博士 生导师,cqjzzk@163.com;2.重庆大学建筑城规学院,硕士研究生;3.中共成都市新都区委党校,讲师
摘要:
当前生态规划中,主要倚重“千层 饼”生态适宜性区划和“廊道—斑块—基质” 景观生态格局构建这两种方法,所建立的生 态空间或局限于城市不可能发展的区域,或 以不确定的迁移廊道联系景观斑块,其最大 缺失是缺乏对生态过程的深层理解与预测。 针对该问题,本文通过剖析不同时期生态规 划思想方法对生态本体的认知广度和深度的 缺失与不足,尝试拓展对生态本体认知的广 度和深度,扎根于对生境这一具有“生物群 落”邻里概念、能作为生态系统基本空间单元 的生态本体的认知,提出以“结构控制”生境 网络为手段的生境生态系统规划方法。
关键词:  生态规划  生态认知  景观  生境
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180211
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51478056)
Biotope Ecosystem Planning—The Trend of Ecological Planning Thinking and Method
ZHAO Ke,ZHAO Menglin,WANG Liqing
Abstract:
In the area of ecological planning, the main methods are map-overlay ecological applicability zoning and “patch-corridor-matrix” model landscape ecological pattern construction. However, the ecological space constructed by the first method is limited in the undevelopable area, the species moving corridors which connects the patches using the second method are uncertain. The most lose of the two methods is the lack of understanding and predicting the ecological process. Pointing to the problem, through reviewing the development history of ecological theory to cognize “function, process and structure”, it attempts to expand the breadth and depth of the evolution process of ecological planning thinking and method. Also, it’s found that ecological planning method must translate from “zoning manage” to “structure control”, which will improve our country’s ecological planning theory and method.
Key words:  Ecological Planning  Ecological Cognition  Landscape  Biotope